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Anaerobic Power Assessment in Athletes: Are Cycling and Vertical Jump Tests Interchangeable?

Swiss Federal Institute of Sport, 2532 Magglingen, Switzerland
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Sports 2020, 8(5), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050060
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 29 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
Regularly assessing anaerobic power is important for athletes from sports with an explosive strength component. Understanding the differences and overlap between different assessment methods might help coaches or smaller-scale testing facilities maximize financial and temporal resources. Therefore, this study investigated the degree to which cycling sprint and vertical jump tests are interchangeable for determining peak mechanical leg power output in strength-trained athletes. Professional skiers (n = 19) performed unloaded squat jumps (SJ) and other jump forms on a force plate and a six-second cycling sprint (6sCS) test on an ergometer on six occasions over two years. Along with cross-sectional correlations between cycling and jumping power, correlations between longitudinal percent changes and agreement between magnitude-based inferences about individual changes were assessed. Among the tested jump forms, SJ reflected 6sCS best. However, despite extremely large cross-sectional correlation coefficients (0.92) between 6sCS and SJ, and moderate (Pearson’s r = 0.32 for 6sCS with SJ over one-year time spans) to large (r = 0.68 over shorter time spans) correlation coefficients on percent changes, magnitude-based inferences agreed in only around 50% of cases. Thus, for making qualitative assessments about the development of anaerobic power over time in athletes, cycling sprint and squat jump tests are not interchangeable. Rather, we recommend employing the test form that best reflects athletes’ strength and conditioning training. View Full-Text
Keywords: force plate; mechanical power; lower extremity; loaded squat jump; explosive strength; muscle power force plate; mechanical power; lower extremity; loaded squat jump; explosive strength; muscle power
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gross, M.; Lüthy, F. Anaerobic Power Assessment in Athletes: Are Cycling and Vertical Jump Tests Interchangeable? Sports 2020, 8, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050060

AMA Style

Gross M, Lüthy F. Anaerobic Power Assessment in Athletes: Are Cycling and Vertical Jump Tests Interchangeable? Sports. 2020; 8(5):60. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050060

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gross, Micah, and Fabian Lüthy. 2020. "Anaerobic Power Assessment in Athletes: Are Cycling and Vertical Jump Tests Interchangeable?" Sports 8, no. 5: 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050060

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