Next Article in Journal
Effects of Two Competitive Soccer Matches on Landing Biomechanics in Female Division I Soccer Players
Previous Article in Journal
Maximal Heart Rate for Swimmers
Open AccessArticle

Mental Health Symptoms Related to Body Shape Idealization in Female Fitness Physique Athletes

1
Faculty of Health and Welfare, Østfold University College, P.O. Box 700, 1757 Halden, Norway
2
Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, P.O. Box 4014, 0806 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(11), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7110236
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
Physical activity relates to optimal health, still the prevalence of mental health issues is high among athletes. Being young, female, and competing in aesthetic sports is a high-risk combination for mental health symptoms. Fitness physique athletes (FA) match this profile but are understudied. We aimed to study the intensity of mental health symptoms (i.e., body image, eating behaviour, relation to and routines for exercise, and perfectionism) in FA and in female references (FR), and to evaluate how preparing for fitness sport competitions affects these mental health symptoms. Before competition, FA had higher levels of drive for leanness (DFL) and eating restraint compared to FR. At the time of competition, eating restraint increased in FA only, concurrent with a reduction in symptoms of disordered eating. The levels of DFL, drive for muscularity, eating restraint, and exercising for figure toning were higher in FA compared to FR. At one-month post-competition, the differences between groups from competition time remained. Generally, perfectionism correlated with eating restrictions in FA and with disordered eating in FR. Overall, FA coped with the dieting, but self-control deteriorated post-competition with higher levels of disordered eating and an increased body shape concern. High DFL generally associated with more disordered eating behaviour, specifically in FR. View Full-Text
Keywords: aesthetic sport; disordered eating; body dissatisfaction; drive for leanness; drive for muscularity; exercise dependency; body ideal aesthetic sport; disordered eating; body dissatisfaction; drive for leanness; drive for muscularity; exercise dependency; body ideal
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mathisen, T.F.; Sundgot-Borgen, J. Mental Health Symptoms Related to Body Shape Idealization in Female Fitness Physique Athletes. Sports 2019, 7, 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7110236

AMA Style

Mathisen TF, Sundgot-Borgen J. Mental Health Symptoms Related to Body Shape Idealization in Female Fitness Physique Athletes. Sports. 2019; 7(11):236. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7110236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mathisen, Therese F.; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn. 2019. "Mental Health Symptoms Related to Body Shape Idealization in Female Fitness Physique Athletes" Sports 7, no. 11: 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7110236

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop