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Maximal Heart Rate for Swimmers

Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo 0863, Norway
Polar Electro Oy, Kempele 90440, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(11), 235;
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 7 November 2019 / Accepted: 10 November 2019 / Published: 12 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring Physiological Adaptation to Physical Training)
The main purpose of this study was to identify whether a different protocol to achieve maximal heart rate should be used in sprinters when compared to middle-distance swimmers. As incorporating running training into swim training is gaining increased popularity, a secondary aim was to determine the difference in maximal heart rate between front crawl swimming and running among elite swimmers. Twelve elite swimmers (4 female and 8 male, 7 sprinters and 5 middle-distance, age 18.8 years and body mass index 22.9 kg/m2) swam three different maximal heart rate protocols using a 50 m, 100 m and 200 m step-test protocol followed by a maximal heart rate test in running. There were no differences in maximal heart rate between sprinters and middle-distance swimmers in each of the swimming protocols or between land and water (all p ≥ 0.05). There were no significant differences in maximal heart rate beats-per-minute (bpm) between the 200 m (mean ± SD; 192.0 ± 6.9 bpm), 100 m (190.8 ± 8.3 bpm) or 50 m protocol (191.9 ± 8.4 bpm). Maximal heart rate was 6.7 ± 5.3 bpm lower for swimming compared to running (199.9 ± 8.9 bpm for running; p = 0.015). We conclude that all reported step-test protocols were suitable for achieving maximal heart rate during front crawl swimming and suggest that no separate protocol is needed for swimmers specialized on sprint or middle-distance. Further, we suggest conducting sport-specific maximal heart rate tests for different sports that are targeted to improve the aerobic capacity among the elite swimmers of today. View Full-Text
Keywords: front crawl; running; physiology; training monitoring; training load; training intensity; step-test; sprint; middle distance; athletes front crawl; running; physiology; training monitoring; training load; training intensity; step-test; sprint; middle distance; athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olstad, B.H.; Bjørlykke, V.; Olstad, D.S. Maximal Heart Rate for Swimmers. Sports 2019, 7, 235.

AMA Style

Olstad BH, Bjørlykke V, Olstad DS. Maximal Heart Rate for Swimmers. Sports. 2019; 7(11):235.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olstad, Bjørn H., Veronica Bjørlykke, and Daniela S. Olstad. 2019. "Maximal Heart Rate for Swimmers" Sports 7, no. 11: 235.

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