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Open AccessArticle

The Relative Age Effect, Height and Weight Characteristics among Lower and Upper Secondary School Athletes in Norway and Sweden

Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Sports 2017, 5(4), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5040092
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 7 December 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
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Abstract

The relative age effect (RAE) has been found among youth elite athletes within a range of sports. However, the RAE has been studied to a lesser degree among youth non-elite athletes, and even less among school pupils attending sport specialisation programmes (SSPs). The aim of the present study was to investigate RAE, height, and weight, and compare Swedish lower secondary school and Norwegian upper secondary school pupils. Study 1 includes 156 lower secondary school athletes (95 boys and 61 girls) following an SSP in Sweden, while study 2 includes 111 upper secondary school athletes (81 boys and 30 girls) from two Norwegian schools. The RAE was found in both male groups, but only in Swedish girls. Furthermore, the relationship between birth month, height, and weight was found to be non-significant. These results indicate a vital RAE effect among youth non-elite athletes attending SSPs in both lower and upper secondary schools. View Full-Text
Keywords: the relative age effect; upper secondary school; lower secondary school; weight; height the relative age effect; upper secondary school; lower secondary school; weight; height
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sæther, S.A.; Peterson, T.; Matin, V. The Relative Age Effect, Height and Weight Characteristics among Lower and Upper Secondary School Athletes in Norway and Sweden. Sports 2017, 5, 92.

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