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Sports 2017, 5(4), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5040091

The Relationship between Trail Running Withdrawals and Race Topography

1
Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Lausanne, Géopolis, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
CETAPS Laboratory, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Rouen, EA 3832 Rouen, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 23 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
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Abstract

Context: A growing amount of recent research in sport psychology has focused on trying to understand withdrawals from ultra-races. However, according to the Four E approach, the studies underestimated the embedded components of these experiences and particularly how they were linked to the specific environmental conditions in which the experiences occurred. Objective: This study aimed to characterize trail running withdrawals in relationship to race topography. Design: Qualitative design, involving self-confrontation interviews and use of a race map. Setting: Use of the race map for description of the race activity and self-confrontation interviews took place 1–3 days after the races. Participants: Ten runners who withdrew during an ultra-trail race. Data Collection and Analysis: Data on past activity traces and experiences were elicited from self-confrontation interviews. Data were coded and compared to identify common sequences and then each type of sequence was counted with regard to race topography. Results: Results showed that each sequence was related to runners’ particular possibilities for acting, feeling, and thinking, which were in turn embedded in the race topography. These sequences allowed the unfolding of the activity and increased its overall effectiveness in relation to the constraints of this specific sport. Conclusion: This study allowed us to highlight important information on how ultra-trail runners manage their races in relationship to the race environment and more specifically to its topography. The result will also help us to recommend potential adjustments to ultra-trail runners’ performance-oriented training and preparation. View Full-Text
Keywords: experience; topography; ultra-endurance; course of action; situated action; meanings experience; topography; ultra-endurance; course of action; situated action; meanings
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Roberta, A.P.; Nadège, R.; Fabienne, C.V.R.; Denis, H. The Relationship between Trail Running Withdrawals and Race Topography. Sports 2017, 5, 91.

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