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Chemical and Non-Chemical Options for Managing Twospotted Spider Mite, Western Tarnished Plant Bug and Other Arthropod Pests in Strawberries

1
University of California Cooperative Extension, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, San Luis Obispo, CA 93401, USA
2
Manzanita Berry Farms, Santa Maria, CA 93456, USA
3
Sundance Berry Farms, Watsonville, CA 95076, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2018, 9(4), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040156
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 23 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
California strawberries have two major arthropod pests—the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae and the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus, which result in significant losses to the yield and quality of marketable berries. Other important insect pests that are frequently seen in strawberry include the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis that cause varying levels of damage depending on the level of infestation. Chemical pesticides play a major role in managing these pests but not without the associated risk of pesticide resistance and environmental safety. Two field studies were conducted in commercial strawberry fields in Santa Maria, one of the strawberry growing areas in California Central Coast, to determine the efficacy of chemical, botanical and microbial pesticides in the integrated pest management (IPM) of strawberry. Chemical, botanical and microbial pesticides were evaluated against T. urticae in a small plot study in 2013 and against L. hesperus and other insect pests in a large plot study in 2015 in commercial strawberry fields. Bug vacuums were also used in the 2015 study. Results demonstrated that non-chemical alternatives can play an important role in strawberry IPM. View Full-Text
Keywords: Frankliniella occidentalis; Lygus hesperus; Trialeurodes vaporariorum; Tetranychus urticae; entomopathogenic fungi; integrated pest management Frankliniella occidentalis; Lygus hesperus; Trialeurodes vaporariorum; Tetranychus urticae; entomopathogenic fungi; integrated pest management
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Dara, S.K.; Peck, D.; Murray, D. Chemical and Non-Chemical Options for Managing Twospotted Spider Mite, Western Tarnished Plant Bug and Other Arthropod Pests in Strawberries. Insects 2018, 9, 156.

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