Next Article in Journal
Lysine Acetyltransferase p300/CBP Plays an Important Role in Reproduction, Embryogenesis and Longevity of the Pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Six Insecticides on Egg Hatching and Larval Mortality of Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera: Dermedtidae)
Open AccessArticle

Monitoring Dermacentor reticulatus Host-Seeking Activity in Natural Conditions

Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, Medical University of Lublin, Radziwillowska 11 St., 20-080 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(5), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11050264
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 22 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 25 April 2020
Ticks are hematophagous ectoparasites of humans and animals. These arthropods employ different strategies in their host-seeking activity; most often, it is the “nest”- and “pasture-questing” behaviour. Some species, e.g., Dermacentor reticulatus, exhibit both types of activity depending on their developmental stage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the host-seeking activity of adult D. reticulatus ticks in the eastern part of Poland. To this end, ticks were collected with the flagging method during their seasonal activity in three different types of habitat. Active specimens were marked with a permanent marker and then released. This was repeated consistently at 7-day intervals using a different colour of the marker each time, which allowed tracking the questing activity of the specimens. Most frequently, repetitive tick activity (repeated up to seven times) was noted in a locality surrounded by urban developments. In an agriculturally unused open meadow habitat, 69.9% of D. reticulatus ticks were found to undertake questing activity only once. D. reticulatus females proved to be more aggressive and determined to find a host than the males of this species. Adult D. reticulatus ticks are able to stay in the habitat for a long time and undertake multiple host-seeking activities. The greatest threat of attacks on animals, including domestic animals, and sporadically humans, by these ticks occurs in meadow habitats, which are preferred by this species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dermacentor reticulatus; ticks; host-seeking activity; repetitive tick activity; tick bite exposure Dermacentor reticulatus; ticks; host-seeking activity; repetitive tick activity; tick bite exposure
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zając, Z.; Bartosik, K.; Woźniak, A. Monitoring Dermacentor reticulatus Host-Seeking Activity in Natural Conditions. Insects 2020, 11, 264.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop