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Article

Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

1
Division of Ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
3
Department of Ophthalmology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
4
Department of Ophthalmology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
5
Division of Neurology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
6
Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Steffen Hamann, Susan Mollan and Heather E. Moss
Life 2021, 11(9), 972; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11090972
Received: 22 July 2021 / Revised: 23 August 2021 / Accepted: 30 August 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)
In recent years, the substantial burden of medical comorbidities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) populations has been described. We report a retrospective observational case series of pediatric patients with suspected idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and concurrent ASD. Pediatric subjects with suspected IIH aged 2–18 years were identified by review of a pediatric neuro-ophthalmologist’s database spanning from July 1993 to April 2013. ASD diagnoses were identified within this cohort by an ICD-9 diagnosis code search and database review. Three subjects had concurrent ASD diagnoses; all were non-obese males. Since the retrospective observational case series was performed in April 2013, we identified three additional IIH cases in boys with ASD. Our experience suggests that IIH may be a comorbidity of ASD, particularly in non-obese boys. View Full-Text
Keywords: IIH; idiopathic intracranial hypertension; pseudotumor cerebri syndrome; autism IIH; idiopathic intracranial hypertension; pseudotumor cerebri syndrome; autism
MDPI and ACS Style

Jensen, A.K.; Sheldon, C.A.; Paley, G.L.; Szperka, C.L.; Liu, G.W.; Liu, G.T.; McCormack, S.E. Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. Life 2021, 11, 972. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11090972

AMA Style

Jensen AK, Sheldon CA, Paley GL, Szperka CL, Liu GW, Liu GT, McCormack SE. Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. Life. 2021; 11(9):972. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11090972

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jensen, Anne K., Claire A. Sheldon, Grace L. Paley, Christina L. Szperka, Geraldine W. Liu, Grant T. Liu, and Shana E. McCormack 2021. "Autism Spectrum Disorder in Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension" Life 11, no. 9: 972. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11090972

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