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Coupling of Cell Division and Differentiation in Arabidopsis thaliana Cultured Cells with Interaction of Ethylene and ABA Signaling Pathways

K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya street 35, Moscow 127276, Russia
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Life 2020, 10(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10020015
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Science and Engineering)
Recent studies indicate direct links between molecular cell cycle and cell differentiation machineries. Ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) are known to affect cell division and differentiation, but the mechanisms of such effects are poorly understood. As ethylene and ABA signaling routes may interact, we examined their involvement in cell division and differentiation in cell tissue cultures derived from several Arabidopsis thaliana plants: wild type (Col-0), and ethylene-insensitive mutants etr1-1, ctr1-1, and ein2-1. We designed an experimental setup to analyze the growth-related parameters and molecular mechanisms in proliferating cells upon short exposure to ABA. Here, we provide evidence for the ethylene–ABA signaling pathways’ interaction in the regulation of cell division and differentiation as follows: (1) when the ethylene signal transduction pathway is functionally active (Col-0), the cells actively proliferate, and exogenous ABA performs its function as an inhibitor of DNA synthesis and division; (2) if the ethylene signal is not perceived (etr1-1), then, in addition to cell differentiation (tracheary elements formation), cell death can occur. The addition of exogenous ABA can rescue the cells via increasing proliferation; (3) if the ethylene signal is perceived, but not transduced (ein2-1), then cell differentiation takes place—the latter is enhanced by exogenous ABA while cell proliferation is reduced; (4) when the signal transduction pathway is constitutively active, the cells begin to exit the cell cycle and proceed to endo-reduplication (ctr1-1). In this case, the addition of exogenous ABA promotes reactivation of cell division. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; abscisic acid; cell culture; cell differentiation; cell proliferation; ethylene Arabidopsis thaliana; abscisic acid; cell culture; cell differentiation; cell proliferation; ethylene
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Novikova, G.V.; Stepanchenko, N.S.; Zorina, A.A.; Nosov, A.V.; Rakitin, V.Y.; Moshkov, I.E.; Los, D.A. Coupling of Cell Division and Differentiation in Arabidopsis thaliana Cultured Cells with Interaction of Ethylene and ABA Signaling Pathways. Life 2020, 10, 15.

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