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Geochronology of Magmatism and Mineralization in the Dongbulage Mo-Polymetallic Deposit, Northeast China: Implications for the Timing of Mineralization and Ore Genesis

1
Key Laboratory of Regional Geology and Mineralization, College of Resources, Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China
2
MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(5), 255; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9050255
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 21 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymetallic Metallogenic System)
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Abstract

The recently discovered Dongbulage Mo-polymetallic deposit is located in the southern part of the Great Xing’an Range, northeast China. Mineralization is closely related to the emplacement of Middle–Late Jurassic granitoids. In order to understand the petrogenetic link between mineralization and host granitoids, this study presents new zircon U–Pb ages, bulk-rock geochemistry, and molybdenite Re–Os ages for the Dongbulage deposits. LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb dating of the monzogranite and syenogranite intrusions yielded two weighted mean 206Pb/238U ages: of 164 ± 2 Ma and 165 ± 3 Ma, respectively. The subvolcanic rocks (red porphyritic granite and rhyolite) yielded a time interval between 161 ± 2 and 162 ± 3 Ma. In addition, molybdenite from the Dongbulage deposit gave a Re–Os isochron age of 162.6 ± 1.5 Ma, which was interpreted as the age of the mineralization. The new geochronology has established the close temporal and genetic relationships between the mineralization event and the emplacement of the Middle–Late Jurassic granitoids. Bulk-rock geochemistry shows that the Dongbulage granitoids are characterized by high SiO2, K2O, and A/CNK [Al2O3/(CaO + Na2O + K2O)(molar ratio)] values, and low TiO2, CaO, and MgO values, indicating a metaluminous to peraluminous, high-K calc-alkaline affinity. The granitoids also featured enrichments of large ion lithophile elements and light rare earth elements (LREE), and a relative depletion of high field strength elements (HFSE), along with an increasing negative δEu anomaly. The high differentiation index (DI), ranging from 81.75 to 94.76, and obvious fractionation between LREE and HREE, indicate that the Dongbulage granitoids are highly fractionated, metaluminous–peraluminous, and high-K calc-alkaline I-type granites. Combined with the regional geology, the Dongbulage granitoids may have formed during post-orogenic extension that followed the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean closure coeval with subduction of the paleo-Pacific plate. View Full-Text
Keywords: zircon U–Pb dating; Re–Os dating; middle–late Jurassic; Mo-polymetallic deposit; Great Xing’an Range; Dongbulage zircon U–Pb dating; Re–Os dating; middle–late Jurassic; Mo-polymetallic deposit; Great Xing’an Range; Dongbulage
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Wang, F.; Li, Q.; Liu, Y.; Jiang, S.; Chen, C. Geochronology of Magmatism and Mineralization in the Dongbulage Mo-Polymetallic Deposit, Northeast China: Implications for the Timing of Mineralization and Ore Genesis. Minerals 2019, 9, 255.

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