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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Metal Ions on the Flotation of Apatite, Dolomite and Quartz

School of Xingfa Mining Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2018, 8(4), 141;
Received: 7 March 2018 / Revised: 25 March 2018 / Accepted: 26 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
The effects of Ca2+, Mg2+, Al3+, and Fe3+ on the flotation behaviors of apatite, dolomite and quartz were investigated through a micro-flotation test, and the influence of calcium ions on the flotation of these minerals was further elucidated by solution chemistry study, zeta potential measurement, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The results indicate that an appropriate amount of Ca2+ and Mg2+ can improve the floatability of apatite but had a negligible effect on the flotation performance of dolomite, whereas Al3+, Fe3+, and excessive amounts of Ca2+ decreased the recovery of apatite and dolomite. The studied metal cations can activate quartz at a particular pH. It can be inferred from solution chemistry and zeta potential measurement that the influence of metal ions on the flotation of different minerals should be attributed to the adsorption of various hydrolysis species on the mineral surfaces. XPS analyses reveal that calcium ions can enhance the adsorption of anionic collector on apatite and quartz surfaces, and there are no apparent changes to be observed on the surface of dolomite in the absence and presence of calcium ions at a concentration of 2.5 × 10−3 M, which was in good agreement with the micro-flotation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal ions; flotation; apatite; dolomite; quartz metal ions; flotation; apatite; dolomite; quartz
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Ruan, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Luo, H.; Xiao, C.; Zhou, F.; Chi, R. Effects of Metal Ions on the Flotation of Apatite, Dolomite and Quartz. Minerals 2018, 8, 141.

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