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Open AccessArticle

National Mineral Waste Databases as an Information Source for Assessing Material Recovery Potential from Mine Waste, Tailings and Metallurgical Waste

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Department of Mineral Resources and Geochemistry, Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica 14, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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BRGM, F-45060 Orléans, France
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Mines and Energy School, Technical University of Madrid, 28004 Madrid, Spain
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SERENGEO Srl, Via A. Costa 165, 40134 Bologna, Italy
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Centre for Sustainable Planning and Environments, University of the West of England, BS16 1QY Bristol, UK
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School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
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Mining and Geological Survey of Hungary, Columbus utca 17-23, 1590 Budapest, Hungary
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CERENA, DECivil, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(5), 446; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050446
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 14 May 2020 / Published: 16 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy)
We examined the national mine waste registries from seven European countries, created to fulfil the requirements of the “Mine Waste Directive” (2006/21/EC), for their potential use as an initial source of information for the valorisation of specific mine waste deposits for their resource recovery. A set of parameters for mine waste valorisation was defined and divided into three groups: the “basic”, the “metal-centric” and the “material-centric” group. The “basic” group of 19 parameters considers properties of the mine waste deposit, including the location, history, homogeneity and quantity, among others, while the other two groups relate to the two desired material recovery types. The “metal-centric” group of parameters contains the six parameters needed to preliminarily assess the potential to valorise mine waste for metal extraction, while the “material-centric” group contains the nine parameters needed to consider the use of mine waste for the production of different construction materials. National mine waste registries from Slovenia, France, Spain, Italy, UK, Hungary and Portugal were reviewed to determine whether they contain information about each of the parameters. In line with the objectives of the Mine Waste Directive, the national mine waste registries were developed to reduce or prevent environmental damage, and not to enable resource recovery from mine waste. The registries contain most of the information for the parameters in the “basic” group, less information for the parameters in the “metal-centric” group and almost no information to define the parameters in the “material-centric” group. The conclusion is that national mine waste registries could serve only as an initial source of information, and more detailed information must be obtained from other sources. This misses an opportunity to see these sites as a resource, and not only as a potential source of pollution, given the urgent need to find alternative stocks of metals within the EU (European Union). View Full-Text
Keywords: tailings; mining; resource recovery; construction materials; metals; raw materials tailings; mining; resource recovery; construction materials; metals; raw materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Žibret, G.; Lemiere, B.; Mendez, A.-M.; Cormio, C.; Sinnett, D.; Cleall, P.; Szabó, K.; Carvalho, M.T. National Mineral Waste Databases as an Information Source for Assessing Material Recovery Potential from Mine Waste, Tailings and Metallurgical Waste. Minerals 2020, 10, 446. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050446

AMA Style

Žibret G, Lemiere B, Mendez A-M, Cormio C, Sinnett D, Cleall P, Szabó K, Carvalho MT. National Mineral Waste Databases as an Information Source for Assessing Material Recovery Potential from Mine Waste, Tailings and Metallurgical Waste. Minerals. 2020; 10(5):446. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050446

Chicago/Turabian Style

Žibret, Gorazd; Lemiere, Bruno; Mendez, Ana-Maria; Cormio, Carlo; Sinnett, Danielle; Cleall, Peter; Szabó, Katalin; Carvalho, M. T. 2020. "National Mineral Waste Databases as an Information Source for Assessing Material Recovery Potential from Mine Waste, Tailings and Metallurgical Waste" Minerals 10, no. 5: 446. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050446

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