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Open AccessArticle

Grey Regulatory Focus Theory Weighting Method for the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Problem in Evaluating University Reputation

School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Symmetry 2019, 11(2), 230; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11020230
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Criteria Decision Aid methods in fuzzy decision problems)
Evaluating the reputation of higher institutions is important as a benchmark for the continuous development of universities. In multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM), the estimation of the criteria weight is significant in improving the accuracy of the evaluation results. However, criteria weights assigned by decision makers (DMs) can be inaccurate when not measured from the orientations from which the DMs pursue their decision goals. This paper combines the grey system theory (GST) and regulatory focus theory (RFT) in estimating the weights of criteria by measuring the promotional and prevention focus orientations of the DMs and representing it as grey numbers. In this paper, we showed not all weight measurements from the DMs are symmetrical. In essence, to improve the accuracy of the MCDM weights, the grey regulatory focus theory (GRFT) weighting method is proposed to estimate the weights of an MCDM problem as well as aggregating the weights of the group DMs, thereby overcoming the limitation of a single orientation measurement. Furthermore, the GRFT weighting method is applied in ranking four universities in Xi’an city of China from a sample data from 1200 students. The most reputable university is consistent with the other ranking indexes in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: university reputation; regulatory focus theory; grey system theory; group decision-making; multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM); weighting; uncertainty decision-making university reputation; regulatory focus theory; grey system theory; group decision-making; multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM); weighting; uncertainty decision-making
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Esangbedo, M.O.; Bai, S. Grey Regulatory Focus Theory Weighting Method for the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Problem in Evaluating University Reputation. Symmetry 2019, 11, 230.

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