Next Article in Journal
Structural Variations in the Composition of Land Funds at Regional Scales across Russia
Previous Article in Journal
Land Engineering Consolidates Degraded Sandy Land for Agricultural Development in the Largest Sandy Land of China
Open AccessArticle

From Rural Spaces to Peri-Urban Districts: Metropolitan Growth, Sparse Settlements and Demographic Dynamics in a Mediterranean Region

1
Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Economics, University of Basilicata, Via del’Ateneo Lucano 10, I-85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Department of Overland Communication Ways, Foundation and Cadastral Survey, Polytechnic University of Timisoara, 1A I. Curea Street, 300224 Timisoara, Romania
3
Department of Agriculture, University of Udine, Via del Cotonificio 114, I-33100 Udine, Italy
4
Department of Economics and Law, University of Macerata, Via Armaroli 43, I-62100 Macerata, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(6), 200; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060200
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
Considering settlement characteristics and population dynamics together over multiple spatio-temporal scales, the present study analyzes the spatial distribution of sparse settlements and population surrounding a large city in Southern Europe (Athens, Greece), in relation with long-term metropolitan growth and recent economic downturns. Results of the analysis identify regional-scale processes of urban compaction during economic expansion (2000s) with incorporation of scattered settlements in a high-density urban fabric, and moderate urban dispersion affecting low-density, peripheral areas in the subsequent period of recession (2010s). However, more heterogeneous dynamics were observed at the local scale. With economic expansion, a slight increase in the number of settlements was observed in local districts experiencing intense sprawl in earlier decades. With recession, a slight decrease in the number of settlements was, in turn, recorded in some rural districts surrounding compact urban centers, likely acting as local hotspots of urban re-densification. Given the multiplicity of socioeconomic factors involved, our findings highlight how urban development follows sequential phases of compaction and dispersion, based on locally differentiated spatial regimes characterizing settlement expansion and population growth. Sustainable urban management should face more actively with increasingly fragmented settlement dynamics at the fringe, prefiguring an appropriate spatial balance between urban centers and sparse settlements in light of recent demographic trends. View Full-Text
Keywords: sparse population; urban growth; demographic dynamics; planning; Athens sparse population; urban growth; demographic dynamics; planning; Athens
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Salvia, R.; Halbac-Cotoara-Zamfir, R.; Cividino, S.; Salvati, L.; Quaranta, G. From Rural Spaces to Peri-Urban Districts: Metropolitan Growth, Sparse Settlements and Demographic Dynamics in a Mediterranean Region. Land 2020, 9, 200.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop