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Open AccessArticle

Structural Variations in the Composition of Land Funds at Regional Scales across Russia

1
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
Faculty of Social and Cultural Service and Tourism, Stavropol State Agrarian University, Stavropol 355017, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(6), 201; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060201
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 10 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiple Roles for Landscape Ecology in Future Farming Systems)
In recent decades, Russia has experienced substantial transformations in agricultural land tenure. Post-Soviet reforms have shaped land distribution patterns but the impacts of these on agricultural use of land remain under-investigated. On a regional scale, there is still a knowledge gap in terms of knowing to what extent the variations in the compositions of agricultural land funds may be explained by changes in the acreage of other land categories. Using a case analysis of 82 of Russia’s territories from 2010 to 2018, the authors attempted to study the structural variations by picturing the compositions of regional land funds and mapping agricultural land distributions based on ranking “land activity”. Correlation analysis of centered log-ratio transformed compositional data revealed that in agriculture-oriented regions, the proportion of cropland was depressed by agriculture-to-urban and agriculture-to-industry land loss. In urbanized territories, the compositions of agricultural land funds were predominantly affected by changes in the acreage of industrial, transportation, and communication lands. In underpopulated territories in the north and far east of Russia, the acreages of cropland and perennial planting were strongly correlated with those of disturbed and barren lands. As the first attempt at such analysis in Russia, the conversion of cadastral classification data into land-rating values enabled the identification of region-to-region mismatches between the cadaster-based mapping and ranking-based distribution of agricultural lands. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural land; cropland; land category; land fund; territory; Russia agricultural land; cropland; land category; land fund; territory; Russia
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Erokhin, V.; Gao, T.; Ivolga, A. Structural Variations in the Composition of Land Funds at Regional Scales across Russia. Land 2020, 9, 201.

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