Land, Volume 8, Issue 7 (July 2019) – 10 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): We assessed the climate change vulnerability of 52 dominant upland vegetation types in the Western U.S. to provide input to adaptation. Our framework integrates measures of climate exposure and ecosystem resilience. The climate exposure measures used observed climate change (1981–2014) and then projections for the mid-21st century (2040–2069 RCP 4.5)—each against a mid-20th century baseline. Measures of resilience included landscape intactness, invasive species abundance, fire regime alteration, forest insect/disease risk, topo-climate variability, diversity within functional species groups, and vulnerability of any keystone species. By the mid-21st century, results suggest that 33 of 52 types will face high vulnerability over >50% of their distribution. Elevated climate exposure explains increases in vulnerability between the current and mid-century time periods. View this paper.
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