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Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media Data for Socio-Environmental Systems Research

1
National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), University of Maryland, 1 Park Place, Suite 300, Annapolis, MD 21401, USA
2
Department of Geography, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA
3
Department of Computational and Data Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22020, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(7), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/land8070107
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 24 June 2019 / Accepted: 28 June 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
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Abstract

Social media data provide an unprecedented wealth of information on people’s perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors at fine spatial and temporal scales and over broad extents. Social media data produce insight into relationships between people and the environment at scales that are generally prohibited by the spatial and temporal mismatch between traditional social and environmental data. These data thus have great potential for use in socio-environmental systems (SES) research. However, biases in who uses social media platforms, and what they use them for, create uncertainty in the potential insights from these data. Here, we describe ways that social media data have been used in SES research, including tracking land-use and environmental changes, natural resource use, and ecosystem service provisioning. We also highlight promising areas for future research and present best practices for SES research using social media data. View Full-Text
Keywords: social media; socio-ecological systems; human-environment interactions; geospatial analysis; crowdsourced data social media; socio-ecological systems; human-environment interactions; geospatial analysis; crowdsourced data
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lopez, B.E.; Magliocca, N.R.; Crooks, A.T. Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media Data for Socio-Environmental Systems Research. Land 2019, 8, 107.

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