Next Article in Journal
Social Impacts of Land Acquisition for Oil and Gas Development in Uganda
Next Article in Special Issue
An Assessment of Multiple Drivers Determining Woody Species Composition and Structure: A Case Study from the Kalahari, Botswana
Previous Article in Journal
Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media Data for Socio-Environmental Systems Research
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessing the Role of the Perceived Impact of Climate Change on National Adaptation Policy: The Case of Rice Farming in Indonesia
Open AccessArticle

Habitat Climate Change Vulnerability Index Applied to Major Vegetation Types of the Western Interior United States

1
NatureServe, 1680 38th Street, Suite 120, Boulder, CO 80301, USA
2
NatureServe, 2511 Richmond Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
3
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(7), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/land8070108
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Vegetation and Land Surface Dynamics in a Changing Climate)
We applied a framework to assess climate change vulnerability of 52 major vegetation types in the Western United States to provide a spatially explicit input to adaptive management decisions. The framework addressed climate exposure and ecosystem resilience; the latter derived from analyses of ecosystem sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Measures of climate change exposure used observed climate change (1981–2014) and then climate projections for the mid-21st century (2040–2069 RCP 4.5). Measures of resilience included (under ecosystem sensitivity) landscape intactness, invasive species, fire regime alteration, and forest insect and disease risk, and (under adaptive capacity), measures for topo-climate variability, diversity within functional species groups, and vulnerability of any keystone species. Outputs are generated per 100 km2 hexagonal area for each type. As of 2014, moderate climate change vulnerability was indicated for >50% of the area of 50 of 52 types. By the mid-21st century, all but 19 types face high or very high vulnerability with >50% of the area scoring in these categories. Measures for resilience explain most components of vulnerability as of 2014, with most targeted vegetation scoring low in adaptive capacity measures and variably for specific sensitivity measures. Elevated climate exposure explains increases in vulnerability between the current and mid-century time periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive capacity; climate change vulnerability; exposure; resilience; sensitivity; vegetation adaptive capacity; climate change vulnerability; exposure; resilience; sensitivity; vegetation
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Comer, P.J.; Hak, J.C.; Reid, M.S.; Auer, S.L.; Schulz, K.A.; Hamilton, H.H.; Smyth, R.L.; Kling, M.M. Habitat Climate Change Vulnerability Index Applied to Major Vegetation Types of the Western Interior United States. Land 2019, 8, 108.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
  • Supplementary File 1:

    ZIP-Document (ZIP, 47 KB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Link: https://databasin.org/galleries/6704179ca499490bafd2e9080df1908a
    Description: This is a public website called Databasin that includes project overview and folders with technical reports and interactive webmap for review of mapped products for each of the 52 vegetation types assessed in this study.
Back to TopTop