Next Article in Journal
Operational Pattern of Urban-Rural Integration Regulated by Land Use in Metropolitan Fringe of China
Next Article in Special Issue
Stakeholders’ Participation in Sustainable Tourism Planning for a Rural Region: Extremadura Case Study (Spain)
Previous Article in Journal
Establishment of the Baseline for the IWRM in the Ecuadorian Andean Basins: Land Use Change, Water Recharge, Meteorological Forecast and Hydrological Modeling
Article

China: A New Trajectory Prioritizing Rural Rather Than Urban Development?

1
Fenner School of Environment and Society, 48 Linnaeus Way, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
2
Australian Centre on China in the World, Building 188, Fellows Lane, Acton, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
3
Institute for Water Futures, 48 Linnaeus Way, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Nieto Masot
Land 2021, 10(5), 514; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050514
Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
The adverse effects of rapid urbanization are of global concern. Careful planning for and accommodation of accelerating urbanization and citizenization (i.e., migrants gaining official urban residency) may be the best approach to limit some of the worst impacts. However, we find that another trajectory may be possible: one linked to the rural development plan adopted in the latest Chinese national development strategy. This plan aims to build rural areas as attractive areas for settlement by 2050 rather than to further urbanize with more people in cities. We assess the political motivations and challenges behind this choice to develop rural areas based on a literature review and empirical case analysis. After assessing the rural and urban policy subsystem, we find five socio-political drivers behind China’s rural development strategy, namely ensuring food security, promoting culture and heritage, addressing overcapacity, emphasizing environmental protection and eradicating poverty. To develop rural areas, China needs to effectively resolve three dilemmas: (1) implementing decentralized policies under central supervision; (2) deploying limited resources efficiently to achieve targets; and (3) addressing competing narratives in current policies. Involving more rural community voices, adopting multiple forms of local governance, and identifying and mitigating negative project impacts can be the starting points to manage these dilemmas. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; dilemmas; global leadership; national development strategy; policy implementation; rural revival and development; urban and rural development China; dilemmas; global leadership; national development strategy; policy implementation; rural revival and development; urban and rural development
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, H.; Pittock, J.; Daniell, K.A. China: A New Trajectory Prioritizing Rural Rather Than Urban Development? Land 2021, 10, 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050514

AMA Style

Xu H, Pittock J, Daniell KA. China: A New Trajectory Prioritizing Rural Rather Than Urban Development? Land. 2021; 10(5):514. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050514

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Hongzhang, Jamie Pittock, and Katherine A. Daniell 2021. "China: A New Trajectory Prioritizing Rural Rather Than Urban Development?" Land 10, no. 5: 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050514

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop