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Article

The Effects of Roadside Woody Vegetation on the Surface Temperature of Cycle Paths

Forest Management and Applied Geoinformatics, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Academic Editor: Nir Krakauer
Land 2021, 10(5), 483; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050483
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use and Climate Change)
The article is on the effects of woody vegetation growing on the roadside on the temperature of the surface of cycle paths. The main hypothesis of the study is that vegetation has the effect of lowering the temperature of the surroundings in its shadow and thus improves the comfort of users of cycle paths in the summer months. The second hypothesis is to find out which type of road surface is most suitable for the thermal well-being of users. This goal was achieved by measuring the temperature of selected locations on cycle paths with different types of construction surfaces with nearby woody vegetation using a contactless thermometer over several days at regular intervals. The positions of the selected locations were measured using GNSS and the whole locality of interest was photographed using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), or drone, and subsequently a digital surface model (DSM) of the area was created using a Structure from Motion (SfM) algorithm. This model served for the calculation of incident solar radiation during the selected days using the Solar Area Graphics tool with ArcGIS software. Subsequently, the effect of the shade of the surrounding vegetation on the temperature during the day was analysed and statistically evaluated. The results are presented in many graphs and their interpretation used to evaluate the effects of nearby woody vegetation and the type of road surface on the surrounding air temperature and the comfort of users of these routes. The results demonstrate the benefits of using UAVs for the purpose of modelling the course of solar radiation during the day, showing the effect of roadside vegetation on reducing the surface temperature of the earth’s surface and thus confirming the need for planting and maintaining such vegetation. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface temperature; air temperature; woody roadside vegetation; road surface; digital surface model; Structure from Motion; UAV; cycle routes; Czech Republic surface temperature; air temperature; woody roadside vegetation; road surface; digital surface model; Structure from Motion; UAV; cycle routes; Czech Republic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Žižlavská, N.; Mikita, T.; Patočka, Z. The Effects of Roadside Woody Vegetation on the Surface Temperature of Cycle Paths. Land 2021, 10, 483. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050483

AMA Style

Žižlavská N, Mikita T, Patočka Z. The Effects of Roadside Woody Vegetation on the Surface Temperature of Cycle Paths. Land. 2021; 10(5):483. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050483

Chicago/Turabian Style

Žižlavská, Nikola; Mikita, Tomáš; Patočka, Zdeněk. 2021. "The Effects of Roadside Woody Vegetation on the Surface Temperature of Cycle Paths" Land 10, no. 5: 483. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050483

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