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Open AccessTechnical Note

Calibrations of Suspended Sediment Concentrations in High-Turbidity Waters Using Different In Situ Optical Instruments

1
College of Harbour, Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210024, China
2
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Coast and Island Development, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3296; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113296
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 22 November 2020 / Published: 23 November 2020
In environments of high suspended sediment concentration (SSC > 1 kg/m3), efficient measurements of SSC through accurate calibration relationships between turbidity and SSC are necessary for studies on marine sediment dynamics. Here, we investigated the performance of three types of optical instrument (OBS-3A, AQUAlogger 310TY, and RBRsolo3Tu with Seapoint sensor) in observations carried out at the middle of the Jiangsu coast, China. These instruments were calibrated in the lab using the water and suspended sediment samples collected from the observation site. It was found that both the calibration curves of OBS-3A and RBRsolo3Tu have an inflection point (at SSC of ca. 15 kg/m3 for OBS-3A and ca. 2 kg/m3 for RBRsolo3Tu), on either side of which turbidity increases (the left side) or decreases (the right side) with the increasing SSC. Only under SSCs smaller than the inflection point can OBS-3A and RBRsolo3Tu be applied to continuous SSC measurements at a fixed point. However, the turbidity output of AQUAlogger 310TY has always a positive correlation with SSC, which applies for SSC up to 40 kg/m3; thus, three fluid-mud events are quantified during this observation. AQUAlogger 310TY has important prospects for field applications in high-SSC environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: suspended sediment concentration; turbidity; optical turbidimeter; high-turbidity waters; in situ measurement suspended sediment concentration; turbidity; optical turbidimeter; high-turbidity waters; in situ measurement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Peng, Y.; Du, Z.; Lin, H.; Yu, Q. Calibrations of Suspended Sediment Concentrations in High-Turbidity Waters Using Different In Situ Optical Instruments. Water 2020, 12, 3296. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113296

AMA Style

Wang Y, Peng Y, Du Z, Lin H, Yu Q. Calibrations of Suspended Sediment Concentrations in High-Turbidity Waters Using Different In Situ Optical Instruments. Water. 2020; 12(11):3296. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yunwei; Peng, Yun; Du, Zhiyun; Lin, Hangjie; Yu, Qian. 2020. "Calibrations of Suspended Sediment Concentrations in High-Turbidity Waters Using Different In Situ Optical Instruments" Water 12, no. 11: 3296. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113296

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