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Open AccessArticle

The Macrophyte Index for Rivers (MIR) as an Advantageous Approach to Running Water Assessment in Local Geographical Conditions

Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
Chief Inspectorate of Environmental Protection, Wawelska 52/54, 00-922 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(1), 108;
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 26 December 2019 / Published: 29 December 2019
The Macrophyte Index for Rivers (MIR) was developed in 2007, and it was one of the first biological methods developed in Poland under the requirements of the Water Framework Directive to assess the ecological status of running waters. It is based on the quantitative and qualitative evaluation of 153 indicator taxa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the MIR method to detect trophic degradation in rivers and to compare its efficiency with other macrophyte metrics. Our investigation was based on 100 sites, representing a very clear gradient from near oligotrophic to eutrophic conditions. The results showed that macrophytes can be distinguished in terms of their ecological requirements for nutrient concentration in water, and this can be used to develop an effective system of freshwater assessment. The MIR was shown to be the indicator most strongly correlated with various forms of nutrients, and it was demonstrated that calibration of the macrophyte method to local biogeographical conditions resulted in greater effectiveness of the assessment method. View Full-Text
Keywords: macrophytes; rivers; monitoring; ecological status macrophytes; rivers; monitoring; ecological status
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Szoszkiewicz, K.; Jusik, S.; Pietruczuk, K.; Gebler, D. The Macrophyte Index for Rivers (MIR) as an Advantageous Approach to Running Water Assessment in Local Geographical Conditions. Water 2020, 12, 108.

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