The dissolved molybdenum (Mo) contents and Mo isotope in water samples from the upper Xijiang River (XJR), draining the carbonate terrain, southwest China, are reported to investigate the seasonal and spatial variations, sources, ion budget, and isotopic fractionation of dissolved Mo. The results show that the Mo concentrations (5.3–18.9 nmol/L) exhibit an extensive variation along the mainstream without significant spatial pattern, but the Mo concentrations are slightly higher in the dry season than in the wet season caused by the dilution effect. There is a slight spatial tendency for δ98/95
Mo to become higher along the mainstream (0.51–1.78%), while the seasonal variations in δ98/95
Mo values of NPR (Nanpanjiang River) reach and BPR (Beipanjiang River) reach can be identified higher in the dry season but lower in the wet season. Based on the hydro-geochemical analysis, the sources of dissolved Mo are identified as the carbonates and sulfide/sulfate minerals weathering with a seasonal contribution. Moreover, our results suggest there is no significant Mo isotopic fractionation during weathering and riverine transportation. The calculation of Mo budget demonstrates that the dissolved δ98/95
Mo of river draining the carbonate terrain is underestimated, which could significantly influence the redox history of oceans by Mo isotope model.
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