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Effects of Drought Stress on Biomass, Essential Oil Content, Nutritional Parameters, and Costs of Production in Six Lamiaceae Species

1
Agronomy Department of Superior School Engineering, University of Almeria, CIAIMBITAL, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence ceiA3. Ctra. Sacramento s/n, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Institute of Research and Training in Agriculture and Fishery (IFAPA), Junta of Andalusia, Las Torres-Tomejil, Alcala de Guadaira, 41500 Sevilla, Spain
3
Agronomy Department, University Catholic Santiago de Guayaquil, Av Pdte Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, Guayaquil Km 1.5 vía Daule, 090615 Guayaquil, Ecuador
4
Institute of Research and Training in Agriculture and Fishery (IFAPA), Junta of Andalusia, La Mojonera, 04745 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Water 2019, 11(3), 573; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030573
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 16 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
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PDF [268 KB, uploaded 19 March 2019]

Abstract

Lamiaceae is one of the largest families of aromatic plants and it is characterized by the presence of external glandular structures which produce essential oils highly valued in cosmetics and medicine. Plants of Lavandula latifolia, Mentha piperita, Salvia sclarea, Salvia lavandulifolia, Thymus capitatus, and Thymus mastichina were grown for one year. In order to evaluate the effects of drought stress, plants were subjected to two water treatments (100% ETo and 70% ETo, including the rainfall during the experimental period). At the end of the experiment, the biomass, the essential oil content, and leaf nutrients concentration were assessed for each water treatment and species studied. At the end of the experiment, L. latifolia, M. piperita and T. capitatus plants showed a significant fresh weight reduction under drought stress conditions whereas the other species studied remained unchanged. With respect to dry weight, only L. latifolia plants showed a reduction under water deficit conditions. As far as essential oil content was concerned, L. latifolia and S. sclarea plants had a reduction under water deficit conditions. Leaf nutrient concentration showed different trends between species considering the nutrient assessed. The economic viability of the growth of this species will be dependent on the benefits achieved which are related to yield production obtained and the price accorded for both raw material and the essential oil extracted. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lavandula latifolia; Mentha piperita; Salvia lavandulifolia; Salvia sclarea; Thymus capitatus; Thymus mastichina Lavandula latifolia; Mentha piperita; Salvia lavandulifolia; Salvia sclarea; Thymus capitatus; Thymus mastichina
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Caparrós, P.; Romero, M.J.; Llanderal, A.; Cermeño, P.; Lao, M.T.; Segura, M.L. Effects of Drought Stress on Biomass, Essential Oil Content, Nutritional Parameters, and Costs of Production in Six Lamiaceae Species. Water 2019, 11, 573.

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