Next Article in Journal
Examination of Blockage Effects on the Progression of Local Scour around a Circular Cylinder
Next Article in Special Issue
Hydrodynamic Characterization of Mugla Karst Aquifer Using Correlation and Spectral Analyses on the Rainfall and Springs Water-Level Time Series
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Investigation of Coherent Vortex Structures in a Backward-Facing Step Flow
Previous Article in Special Issue
Simulation of Climate Change Impact on A Coastal Aquifer under Arid Climate. The Tadjourah Aquifer (Republic of Djibouti, Horn of Africa)
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Groundwater Potential by GIS-Based Multicriteria Decision Making as a Spatial Prediction Tool: Case Study in the Tigris River Batman-Hasankeyf Sub-Basin, Turkey

Eng. Faculty Civil Eng. Dpt, Dicle University, 21280 Diyarbakır, Turkey
Water 2019, 11(12), 2630; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122630
Received: 21 September 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 10 December 2019 / Published: 13 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Resilience to Climate Change and High Pressure)
The Tigris River Batman-Hasankeyf region sub-basin drainage area is in the Upper Tigris basin and lies between the area where the Batman stream joins the river and the Yanarsu stream flows into the river. Intensive agricultural activities are carried out in this region, and irrigation is generally obtained from groundwater just as it moves away from the riverfront. The study area is a valuable basin for both Turkey and the Middle East. In this study, the effectiveness of the Geographic Information System (GIS)-based multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) analytic hierarchy process (AHP) as a spatial prediction tool was utilized in exploring the groundwater potential of the drainage area. In the analysis, eight hydrological and hydrogeological criteria were considered as influencing factors, namely, geomorphology, geology, rainfall, drainage density, slope, lineament density, land use, and soil properties. The weights of these criteria were determined through the AHP method; the Arc GIS 10.2.2 program and its submodules were used. The major findings of the study were that groundwater-potential index values of the basin were derived. Groundwater-potential-zone evaluation of the basin was obtained as follows: very poor (19%), poor (17%), moderate (34%), good (17%), very good (13%); and groundwater potential zone (GWPZ) maps of the sub-basin were created. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater-potential zone; multicriteria decision making; GIS; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); Upper Tigris sub-basin groundwater-potential zone; multicriteria decision making; GIS; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); Upper Tigris sub-basin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Çelik, R. Evaluation of Groundwater Potential by GIS-Based Multicriteria Decision Making as a Spatial Prediction Tool: Case Study in the Tigris River Batman-Hasankeyf Sub-Basin, Turkey. Water 2019, 11, 2630.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop