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Open AccessArticle

Application of the 2D Depth-Averaged Model, FLATModel, to Pumiceous Debris Flows in the Amalfi Coast

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano SA, Italy
2
CIMNE—International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, C/Gran Capità S/N, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(9), 1159; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091159
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landslide Hydrology)
Few studies about modelling pumice debris flows are available in literature. An integrated approach based on field surveys and numerical modelling is here proposed. A pumiceous debris flow, which occurred in the Amalfi Coast (Italy), is reconstructed by the numerical code, FLATModel, consisting of a two-dimensional shallow-water model written in curvilinear coordinates. The morphological evolution of the gully and of the alluvial fan was monitored by terrestrial laser scanner and photo-modelling aerial surveys, providing, in a cost-effective way, data otherwise unavailable, for the implementation, calibration and validation of the model. The most suitable resistance law is identified to be the Voellmy model, which is found capable of correctly describing the friction-collisional resistance mechanisms of pumiceous debris flows. The initial conditions of the numerical simulations are assumed to be of dam-break type: i.e., they are given by the sudden release of masses of pumice, whose shape and depths are obtained by reconstruction of the pre-event slopes. The predicted depths and shape of deposits are compared with the measured ones, where a good agreement (average error smaller than 10 cm) is observed for several dam-break scenarios. The proposed cost-effective integrated approach can be straightforwardly employed for the description of other debris flows of the same kind and for better designing risk mitigation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: debris flow; pumice; depth-averaged model; Voellmy resistance law; dam-break; field surveys; terrestrial laser scanner (TLS); UAV surveys debris flow; pumice; depth-averaged model; Voellmy resistance law; dam-break; field surveys; terrestrial laser scanner (TLS); UAV surveys
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Papa, M.N.; Sarno, L.; Vitiello, F.S.; Medina, V. Application of the 2D Depth-Averaged Model, FLATModel, to Pumiceous Debris Flows in the Amalfi Coast. Water 2018, 10, 1159.

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