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Open AccessArticle

Dust Dry Deposition over Israel

1
Department of Geophysics, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
2
Israel Electric Corporation Ltd., Haifa 3100001, Israel
3
Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020197
Received: 7 January 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Desert-Dust Aerosols in the Earth System)
Similar quasiperiodic year-to-year variations of dust dry deposition (DDD) with a two–three-year period were found over Israel and north-east Africa. This phenomenon of quasiperiodic interannual variations of DDD has not been discussed in previous publications. Moreover, similar seasonal variations of DDD were found over both Israel and north-east Africa, characterized by significant dust deposition in spring and a decrease in DDD from spring to autumn. These findings indicate the existence of the same causal factors for interannual and seasonal variations of DDD over the two regions, such as similar surface winds created by Mediterranean cyclones. Daily runs of the Dust REgional Atmospheric Model (DREAM) at Tel Aviv University from 2006 to 2019 were used to investigate the main features of the spatio-temporal distribution of dust dry deposition in the eastern Mediterranean, with a focus on Israel. DREAM showed that, on average, during the 14-year study period, in the winter, spring, and summer months, the spatial distribution of monthly-accumulated DDD over Israel was non-uniform with the maximum of DDD over southern Israel. In the autumn months, DREAM showed an increase in DDD over northern Israel, resulting in an almost uniform DDD pattern. The knowledge of DDD spatio-temporal distribution is helpful for understanding the negative effects of DDD on the performance of solar panels and on insulator flashover in the Israel power electric network.
Keywords: desert dust; dust dry deposition; quasiperiodic interannual variations; regional modeling; eastern Mediterranean desert dust; dust dry deposition; quasiperiodic interannual variations; regional modeling; eastern Mediterranean
MDPI and ACS Style

Kishcha, P.; Volpov, E.; Starobinets, B.; Alpert, P.; Nickovic, S. Dust Dry Deposition over Israel. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 197.

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