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Open AccessArticle

An Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) with Different Health Outcomes Based on the Air Pollution Concentrations in Stockholm during the Period of 2015–2017

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Hammarby fabriksväg 19, SE-120 30 Stockholm, Sweden
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 192; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020192
Received: 21 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 8 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment of Air Pollution)
The Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) is a tool that has been developed in order to address the health effects caused by simultaneous exposure to several different air pollutants. Short-term health effects in terms of mortality or morbidity are used in order to construct an index. In this study, different indexes for different health outcomes, based on the concentrations of NO2, O3, and PM10 at an urban background measuring station in Stockholm during the period of 2015–2017, are calculated by using different risk-coefficients obtained from a meta-analysis. An AQHI based on local risk-coefficients for asthma emergency department visits (AEDV) in Stockholm is also included in the analysis. Correlation coefficients between different pairs of AQHIs, where the additive effects associated with exposure to NO2, O3, and PM10 during 2015–2017 are used, exhibit R-values as in 12 out of 15 cases exceed 0.80. However, the average risk increase for different AQHIs are very different, where indexes based on hospital admissions for asthma are larger than those based on mortality outcomes. An overall conclusion is that different AQHIs for different population groups are not needed, but the index may need to be weighted differently for different population groups.
Keywords: AQHI; AQI; risk-coefficient; correlation coefficient; mortality; asthma; NO2; O3; PM10 AQHI; AQI; risk-coefficient; correlation coefficient; mortality; asthma; NO2; O3; PM10
MDPI and ACS Style

Olstrup, H. An Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) with Different Health Outcomes Based on the Air Pollution Concentrations in Stockholm during the Period of 2015–2017. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 192.

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