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Open AccessArticle

Kitchen Area Air Quality Measurements in Northern Ghana: Evaluating the Performance of a Low-Cost Particulate Sensor within a Household Energy Study

1
College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Colorado Boulder, 427 UCB, 1111 Engineering Drive, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
2
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, 311 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
3
Navrongo Health Research Centre, War Memorial Hospital, Upper East Region, Navrongo Box 34, Ghana
4
Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. 13001 East 17th Place, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(7), 400; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070400
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 3 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 16 July 2019
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Abstract

Household air pollution from the combustion of solid fuels is a leading global health and human rights concern, affecting billions every day. Instrumentation to assess potential solutions to this problem faces challenges—especially related to cost. A low-cost ($159) particulate matter tool called the Household Air Pollution Exposure (HAPEx) Nano was evaluated in the field as part of the Prices, Peers, and Perceptions cookstove study in northern Ghana. Measurements of temperature, relative humidity, absolute humidity, and carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide concentrations made at 1-min temporal resolution were integrated with 1-min particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5) measurements from the HAPEx, within 62 kitchens, across urban and rural households and four seasons totaling 71 48-h deployments. Gravimetric filter sampling was undertaken to ground-truth and evaluate the low-cost measurements. HAPEx baseline drift and relative humidity corrections were investigated and evaluated using signals from paired HAPEx, finding significant improvements. Resulting particle coefficients and integrated gravimetric PM2.5 concentrations were modeled to explore drivers of variability; urban/rural, season, kitchen characteristics, and dust (a major PM2.5 mass constituent) were significant predictors. The high correlation (R2 = 0.79) between 48-h mean HAPEx readings and gravimetric PM2.5 mass (including other covariates) indicates that the HAPEx can be a useful tool in household energy studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; low-cost sensors; cooking; particle coefficients; household pollution; gravimetric filter particulate matter; low-cost sensors; cooking; particle coefficients; household pollution; gravimetric filter
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Coffey, E.R.; Pfotenhauer, D.; Mukherjee, A.; Agao, D.; Moro, A.; Dalaba, M.; Begay, T.; Banacos, N.; Oduro, A.; Dickinson, K.L.; Hannigan, M.P. Kitchen Area Air Quality Measurements in Northern Ghana: Evaluating the Performance of a Low-Cost Particulate Sensor within a Household Energy Study. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 400.

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