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Characteristics and Formation of a Synoptic Situation Causing Sudden Turning of Mesoscale Convective Systems over South China

State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China
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Atmosphere 2019, 10(4), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040191
Received: 13 February 2019 / Revised: 16 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
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Abstract

The characteristics and formation of a synoptic situation that causes a sudden turning motion of warm-sector mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over South China are described, based on the collection and investigation of associated cases during April–June 2011–2017 using high-resolution observational data and ERA (ECMWF Re-Analysis)-Interim data. The results show that the blocking of a marked low-level high over eastern China (eastern high) on a strengthening low-level trough over southwestern China (southwestern trough) results in significant enhancement of southerly winds ahead of the trough, which produces a strong southeastward vertical wind shear at low levels near western Guangdong province. This low-level vertical wind shear results in sudden southeastward turning motion for the warm-sector MCSs entering into Guangdong province from Guangxi province. The formation of the eastern high is mainly attributable to the strong cyclonic wind anomaly over the northwestern Pacific Ocean, which continuously brings cold air from higher latitudes to eastern China, where high synoptic-scale transient anomaly of geopotential height (SSTA-GH) forms. This cyclonic wind anomaly is induced by a low SSTA-GH, which travels from the north and south sides of the Tibetan Plateau to the northwestern Pacific Ocean and develops significantly as a result of a strong upper-level low SSTA-GH coupling with it or approaching it. On the other hand, the high SSTA-GH over eastern China blocks the eastward extension of the low SSTA-GH originating from the Tibetan Plateau. Consequently, this low SSTA-GH turns to extend or move southeastward/southward to southwestern China, leading to intensification of the southwestern trough. View Full-Text
Keywords: synoptic situation; sudden turning motion; warm-sector mesoscale convective system; South China synoptic situation; sudden turning motion; warm-sector mesoscale convective system; South China
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Liang, Z.; Liu, Y.; Yin, J. Characteristics and Formation of a Synoptic Situation Causing Sudden Turning of Mesoscale Convective Systems over South China. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 191.

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