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Open AccessArticle

Genetic Association between Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Cancer

1
Department of Physics, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunky-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
2
Institute of Statistics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2017, 8(10), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes8100243
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. An ALS drug, Riluzole, has been shown to induce two different anticancer effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In light of this finding, we explore the relationship between ALS and cancer, especially for HCC, from the molecular biological viewpoint. We establish biomarkers that can discriminate between ALS patients and healthy controls. A principal component analysis (PCA) based unsupervised feature extraction (FE) is used to find gene biomarkers of ALS based on microarray gene expression data. Based on this method, 101 probes were selected as biomarkers for ALS with 95% high accuracy to discriminate between ALS patients and controls. Most of the genes corresponding to these probes are shown to be related to various cancers. These findings might provide a new insight for developing new therapeutic options or drugs for both ALS and cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; biomarker; cancer; gene; microarray amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; biomarker; cancer; gene; microarray
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Taguchi, Y.-H.; Wang, H. Genetic Association between Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Cancer. Genes 2017, 8, 243.

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