Editorial—Role of DNA Methyltransferases in the Epigenome
AbstractDNA methylation, a modification found in most species, regulates chromatin functions in conjunction with other epigenome modifications, such as histone post-translational modifications and non-coding RNAs. In mammals, DNA methylation has essential roles in development by orchestrating the generation and maintenance of the phenotypic diversity of human cell types. This Special Issue of Genes contains eight review articles, which cover several aspects of epigenome regulation by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), the enzymes responsible for the introduction of DNA methylation. The manuscripts present the most recent advances regarding the structure and function of DNMTs, their targeting and regulation by interacting factors and chromatin modifications, and the roles of DNMTs in mammalian development and human diseases. However, many aspects of these important enzymes are still insufficiently understood. Potential directions of future work are the regulation of DNMTs by post-translational modifications and their connection to cellular signaling and second messenger cascades on one hand and to large multifactorial epigenetic chromatin circuits on the other. Additionally, technical advancements, including the availability of designer nucleosomes and the rapid development of cryo-electron microscopy are expected to trigger breakthrough discoveries in this exciting field. View Full-Text
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Jeltsch, A.; Gowher, H. Editorial—Role of DNA Methyltransferases in the Epigenome. Genes 2019, 10, 574.
Jeltsch A, Gowher H. Editorial—Role of DNA Methyltransferases in the Epigenome. Genes. 2019; 10(8):574.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jeltsch, Albert; Gowher, Humaira. 2019. "Editorial—Role of DNA Methyltransferases in the Epigenome." Genes 10, no. 8: 574.
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