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Article

Investigating the DNA-Binding Site for VirB, a Key Transcriptional Regulator of Shigella Virulence Genes, Using an In Vivo Binding Tool

School of Life Sciences, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4004, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Genes 2019, 10(2), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020149
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microbial Genetics and Genomics)
The transcriptional anti-silencing and DNA-binding protein, VirB, is essential for the virulence of Shigella species and, yet, sequences required for VirB-DNA binding are poorly understood. While a 7-8 bp VirB-binding site has been proposed, it was derived from studies at a single VirB-dependent promoter, icsB. Our previous in vivo studies at a different VirB-dependent promoter, icsP, found that the proposed VirB-binding site was insufficient for regulation. Instead, the required site was found to be organized as a near-perfect inverted repeat separated by a single nucleotide spacer. Thus, the proposed 7-8 bp VirB-binding site needed to be re-evaluated. Here, we engineer and validate a molecular tool to capture protein-DNA binding interactions in vivo. Our data show that a sequence organized as a near-perfect inverted repeat is required for VirB-DNA binding interactions in vivo at both the icsB and icsP promoters. Furthermore, the previously proposed VirB-binding site and multiple sites found as a result of its description (i.e., sites located at the virB, virF, spa15, and virA promoters) are not sufficient for VirB to bind in vivo using this tool. The implications of these findings are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: VirB; DNA-binding site; in vivo binding; Shigella; virulence; transcription; anti-silencing VirB; DNA-binding site; in vivo binding; Shigella; virulence; transcription; anti-silencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karney, M.M.A.; McKenna, J.A.; Weatherspoon-Griffin, N.; Karabachev, A.D.; Millar, M.E.; Potocek, E.A.; Wing, H.J. Investigating the DNA-Binding Site for VirB, a Key Transcriptional Regulator of Shigella Virulence Genes, Using an In Vivo Binding Tool. Genes 2019, 10, 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020149

AMA Style

Karney MMA, McKenna JA, Weatherspoon-Griffin N, Karabachev AD, Millar ME, Potocek EA, Wing HJ. Investigating the DNA-Binding Site for VirB, a Key Transcriptional Regulator of Shigella Virulence Genes, Using an In Vivo Binding Tool. Genes. 2019; 10(2):149. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karney, Monika M.A., Joy A. McKenna, Natasha Weatherspoon-Griffin, Alexander D. Karabachev, Makensie E. Millar, Eliese A. Potocek, and Helen J. Wing. 2019. "Investigating the DNA-Binding Site for VirB, a Key Transcriptional Regulator of Shigella Virulence Genes, Using an In Vivo Binding Tool" Genes 10, no. 2: 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020149

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