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Cysteine-Rich Receptor-Like Kinase Gene Family Identification in the Phaseolus Genome and Comparative Analysis of Their Expression Profiles Specific to Mycorrhizal and Rhizobial Symbiosis

1
Ciencias Agrogenómicas, Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores Unidad León—Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), C.P. 37684 León, Mexico
2
Department of Biotechnology, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru 560 078, India
3
Departamento de Biología Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), C.P. 62271 Cuernavaca, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10010059
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 6 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Genetics and Genomics)
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Abstract

Receptor-like kinases (RLKs) are conserved upstream signaling molecules that regulate several biological processes, including plant development and stress adaptation. Cysteine (C)-rich receptor-like kinases (CRKs) are an important class of RLK that play vital roles in disease resistance and cell death in plants. Genome-wide analyses of CRK genes have been carried out in Arabidopsis and rice, while functional characterization of some CRKs has been carried out in wheat and tomato in addition to Arabidopsis. A comprehensive analysis of the CRK gene family in leguminous crops has not yet been conducted, and our understanding of their roles in symbiosis is rather limited. Here, we report the comprehensive analysis of the Phaseolus CRK gene family, including identification, sequence similarity, phylogeny, chromosomal localization, gene structures, transcript expression profiles, and in silico promoter analysis. Forty-six CRK homologs were identified and phylogenetically clustered into five groups. Expression analysis suggests that PvCRK genes are differentially expressed in both vegetative and reproductive tissues. Further, transcriptomic analysis revealed that shared and unique CRK genes were upregulated during arbuscular mycorrhizal and rhizobial symbiosis. Overall, the systematic analysis of the PvCRK gene family provides valuable information for further studies on the biological roles of CRKs in various Phaseolus tissues during diverse biological processes, including Phaseolus-mycorrhiza/rhizobia symbiosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: common bean; CRKs; Cysteine (C)-rich receptor-like kinases; genome-wide identification; legume; mycorrhizal fungi; Phaseolus; Rhizobium; RLK common bean; CRKs; Cysteine (C)-rich receptor-like kinases; genome-wide identification; legume; mycorrhizal fungi; Phaseolus; Rhizobium; RLK
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Quezada, E.-H.; García, G.-X.; Arthikala, M.-K.; Melappa, G.; Lara, M.; Nanjareddy, K. Cysteine-Rich Receptor-Like Kinase Gene Family Identification in the Phaseolus Genome and Comparative Analysis of Their Expression Profiles Specific to Mycorrhizal and Rhizobial Symbiosis. Genes 2019, 10, 59.

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