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mTOR Signaling Pathway in Cancer Targets Photodynamic Therapy In Vitro

Laser Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 17011 Doornfontein, South Africa
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Cells 2019, 8(5), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8050431
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue mTOR Signaling in Metabolism and Cancer)
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Abstract

The Mechanistic or Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) is a major signaling pathway in eukaryotic cells belonging to the P13K-related kinase family of the serine/threonine protein kinase. It has been established that mTOR plays a central role in cellular processes and implicated in various cancers, diabetes, and in the aging process with very poor prognosis. Inhibition of the mTOR pathway in the cells may improve the therapeutic index in cancer treatment. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been established to selectively eradicate neoplasia at clearly delineated malignant lesions. This review highlights recent advances in understanding the role or regulation of mTOR in cancer therapy. It also discusses how mTOR currently contributes to cancer as well as future perspectives on targeting mTOR therapeutically in cancer in vitro. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancers; mTOR; inhibitors; photodynamic therapy cancers; mTOR; inhibitors; photodynamic therapy
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Ayuk, S.M.; Abrahamse, H. mTOR Signaling Pathway in Cancer Targets Photodynamic Therapy In Vitro. Cells 2019, 8, 431.

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