Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of Soybean Plant Introductions for Traits that can Improve Emergence under Varied Soil Moisture Levels
Previous Article in Journal
Modelling Nitrogen Uptake in Plants and Phytoplankton: Advantages of Integrating Flexibility into the Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Nitrate Absorption
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genomic Selection in Cereal Breeding
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Agronomy 2019, 9(3), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9030117

Unraveling Molecular and Genetic Studies of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Resistance against Factors Causing Pre-Harvest Sprouting

1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4,*, 5, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3,4
1
College of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wheat Biology and Genetic Improvement on South Yellow and Huai River Valley, Ministry of Agriculture, Hefei 230036, China
3
National Engineering Laboratory for Crop Stress Resistance Breeding, Hefei 230036, China
4
Anhui Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Hefei 230036, China
5
School of Life Sciences, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 1 March 2019
  |  
PDF [1720 KB, uploaded 1 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) is one of the most important factors having adverse effects on yield and grain quality all over the world, particularly in wet harvest conditions. PHS is controlled by both genetic and environmental factors and the interaction of these factors. Breeding varieties with high PHS resistance have important implications for reducing yield loss and improving grain quality. The rapid advancements in the wheat genomic database along with transcriptomic and proteomic technologies have broadened our knowledge for understanding the regulatory mechanism of PHS resistance at transcriptomic and post-transcriptomic levels. In this review, we have described in detail the recent advancements on factors influencing PHS resistance, including grain color, seed dormancy, α-amylase activity, plant hormones (especially abscisic acid and gibberellin), and QTL/genes, which are useful for mining new PHS-resistant genes and developing new molecular markers for multi-gene pyramiding breeding of wheat PHS resistance, and understanding the complicated regulatory mechanism of PHS resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: wheat; pre-harvest sprouting; seed dormancy; abscisic acid; gibberellin; QTL/genes wheat; pre-harvest sprouting; seed dormancy; abscisic acid; gibberellin; QTL/genes
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, A.; Cao, J.; Jiang, H.; Chang, C.; Zhang, H.-P.; Sheikh, S.W.; Shah, L.; Ma, C. Unraveling Molecular and Genetic Studies of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Resistance against Factors Causing Pre-Harvest Sprouting. Agronomy 2019, 9, 117.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agronomy EISSN 2073-4395 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top