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Open AccessCommunication

Organic Phosphorus Substantially Contributes to Crop Plant Nutrition in Soils with Low Phosphorus Availability

1
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
2
Nagano Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station, 492 Ogawara, Suzaka 382-0071, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Geoff Anderson
Agronomy 2021, 11(5), 903; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050903
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Soil and Plant Nutrition)
To evaluate phosphorus (P) availability and the role of microorganisms in P dynamics in the barley rhizosphere, we constructed a rhizobox using two arable Andosols under different fertilization management regimens and cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Minorimugi) for 5 weeks. The phosphatase-labile pool of organic phosphorus (Po) was assessed using a phosphatase-addition approach in combination with chemical extraction of Po from soils. A considerable amount of inorganic P (Pi) in the NaHCO3 fraction was taken up by barley roots in a soil with high Pi availability, whereas Po, primarily phytate-like P in the NaHCO3 fraction, was hydrolyzed and then taken up by barley roots in a soil with low Pi availability. No significant utilization of either NaOH-Pi or NaOH-Po was observed for both soils during the 5-week cultivation. In the soil with low Pi availability, elevated acid phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities, and greater utilization of Po substrates by bacteria in the Biolog ECO plate, were observed in the rhizosphere when compared with those in the bulk soil. This suggested enhanced Po hydrolysis by increased phosphatase activities to meet the P demand, making the Po an important P source for barley in the soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: phosphorus; phosphatase; rhizosphere; Andosol; barley phosphorus; phosphatase; rhizosphere; Andosol; barley
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moro, H.; Park, H.-D.; Kunito, T. Organic Phosphorus Substantially Contributes to Crop Plant Nutrition in Soils with Low Phosphorus Availability. Agronomy 2021, 11, 903. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050903

AMA Style

Moro H, Park H-D, Kunito T. Organic Phosphorus Substantially Contributes to Crop Plant Nutrition in Soils with Low Phosphorus Availability. Agronomy. 2021; 11(5):903. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050903

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moro, Hitoshi; Park, Ho-Dong; Kunito, Takashi. 2021. "Organic Phosphorus Substantially Contributes to Crop Plant Nutrition in Soils with Low Phosphorus Availability" Agronomy 11, no. 5: 903. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050903

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