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Open AccessArticle

The Emergence of Arboriculture in the 1st Millennium BC along the Mediterranean’s “Far West”

GRAM-GIUV2015-222, Departament de Prehistòria, Arqueologia i Història Antiga, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibáñez 28, 46008 Valencia, Spain
Grup d’Investigació Prehistòrica (GIP), Department of History, University of Lleida, Lleida, Pl. Víctor Siurana 1, 25430 Catalonia, Spain
ASM, Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes, UMR5140, University, Paul-Valéry Montpellier, CNRS, MCC, Route de Mende, 34199 Montpellier, France
INRAP, Centre de Villeneuve-lès-Béziers, rue de l’Acropole, 34420 Villeneuve-lès-Béziers, France
ISEM, UMR 5554, Université Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, IRD, 34095 Montpellier, France
Arqueovitis sccl, Camí de Sant Pere d’Avinyó, s/n, 08973 Avinyonet del Penedès, Spain
Campus Las Lagunillas, University Research Institute for Iberian Archaeology, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
GI Paleoeconomía y Subsistencia de las Sociedades Preindustriales, Instituto de Historia (CSIC) C/Albasanz 26-28, 28030 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Valentina Caracuta, Roberto Papa and Ferran Antolin
Agronomy 2021, 11(5), 902;
Received: 15 February 2021 / Revised: 26 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
This paper presents the history of the introduction and expansion of arboriculture during the 1st millennium BC from the South of the Iberian Peninsula to the South of France. The earliest evidence of arboriculture at the beginning of the 1st millennium hails from the south of the Iberia from where it spread northward along the peninsula’s eastern edge. The different fruits (grape, olive, fig, almond, pomegranate and apple/pear) arrived together in certain areas in spite of uneven distribution and acceptance by local communities. Grape was the crop with the greatest diffusion. The greater diversity of crops in the southern half of the peninsula is also noteworthy. Their development paved the way for a commercial agricultural model in some territories where fruits and their derivatives, such as wine and oil, played vital roles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Europe; fruit cultivation; Iron Age; colonization; wine Europe; fruit cultivation; Iron Age; colonization; wine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez-Jordà, G.; Alonso, N.; Rovira, N.; Figueiral, I.; López-Reyes, D.; Marinval, P.; Montes, E.; Peña-Chocarro, L.; Pinaud-Querrac’h, R.; Ros, J.; Tarongi, M.; Tillier, M.; Bouby, L. The Emergence of Arboriculture in the 1st Millennium BC along the Mediterranean’s “Far West”. Agronomy 2021, 11, 902.

AMA Style

Pérez-Jordà G, Alonso N, Rovira N, Figueiral I, López-Reyes D, Marinval P, Montes E, Peña-Chocarro L, Pinaud-Querrac’h R, Ros J, Tarongi M, Tillier M, Bouby L. The Emergence of Arboriculture in the 1st Millennium BC along the Mediterranean’s “Far West”. Agronomy. 2021; 11(5):902.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez-Jordà, Guillem; Alonso, Natàlia; Rovira, Núria; Figueiral, Isabel; López-Reyes, Daniel; Marinval, Philippe; Montes, Eva; Peña-Chocarro, Leonor; Pinaud-Querrac’h, Rachël; Ros, Jérôme; Tarongi, Miguel; Tillier, Margaux; Bouby, Laurent. 2021. "The Emergence of Arboriculture in the 1st Millennium BC along the Mediterranean’s “Far West”" Agronomy 11, no. 5: 902.

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