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Review

Towards a Circular Economy of Plastics: An Evaluation of the Systematic Transition to a New Generation of Bioplastics

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Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Monterrey 64849, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
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Cadena Comercial OXXO S.A de C.V., Monterrey 64480, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
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Centro de Caracterización e Investigación en Materiales S.A. de C.V., Jiutepec 62578, Morelos, Mexico
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Polymer Solutions & Innovation S.A. de C.V., Jiutepec 62578, Morelos, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maya Jacob John
Polymers 2022, 14(6), 1203; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061203
Received: 5 February 2022 / Revised: 9 March 2022 / Accepted: 10 March 2022 / Published: 17 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio-Based Materials: Contribution to Advancing Circular Economy)
Plastics have become an essential part of the modern world thanks to their appealing physical and chemical properties as well as their low production cost. The most common type of polymers used for plastic account for 90% of the total production and are made from petroleum-based nonrenewable resources. Concerns over the sustainability of the current production model and the environmental implications of traditional plastics have fueled the demand for greener formulations and alternatives. In the last decade, new plastics manufactured from renewable sources and biological processes have emerged from research and have been established as a commercially viable solution with less adverse effects. Nevertheless, economic and legislative challenges for biobased plastics hinder their widespread implementation. This review summarizes the history of plastics over the last century, including the most relevant bioplastics and production methods, the environmental impact and mitigation of the adverse effects of conventional and emerging plastics, and the regulatory landscape that renewable and recyclable bioplastics face to reach a sustainable future. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioplastics; biobased plastics; plastic degradation; bioplastic sources; plastic business case; bioplastic legislation bioplastics; biobased plastics; plastic degradation; bioplastic sources; plastic business case; bioplastic legislation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Melchor-Martínez, E.M.; Macías-Garbett, R.; Alvarado-Ramírez, L.; Araújo, R.G.; Sosa-Hernández, J.E.; Ramírez-Gamboa, D.; Parra-Arroyo, L.; Alvarez, A.G.; Monteverde, R.P.B.; Cazares, K.A.S.; Reyes-Mayer, A.; Yáñez Lino, M.; Iqbal, H.M.N.; Parra-Saldívar, R. Towards a Circular Economy of Plastics: An Evaluation of the Systematic Transition to a New Generation of Bioplastics. Polymers 2022, 14, 1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061203

AMA Style

Melchor-Martínez EM, Macías-Garbett R, Alvarado-Ramírez L, Araújo RG, Sosa-Hernández JE, Ramírez-Gamboa D, Parra-Arroyo L, Alvarez AG, Monteverde RPB, Cazares KAS, Reyes-Mayer A, Yáñez Lino M, Iqbal HMN, Parra-Saldívar R. Towards a Circular Economy of Plastics: An Evaluation of the Systematic Transition to a New Generation of Bioplastics. Polymers. 2022; 14(6):1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Melchor-Martínez, Elda M., Rodrigo Macías-Garbett, Lynette Alvarado-Ramírez, Rafael G. Araújo, Juan E. Sosa-Hernández, Diana Ramírez-Gamboa, Lizeth Parra-Arroyo, Abraham G. Alvarez, Rosina P.B. Monteverde, Karen A.S. Cazares, Adriana Reyes-Mayer, Mauricio Yáñez Lino, Hafiz M.N. Iqbal, and Roberto Parra-Saldívar. 2022. "Towards a Circular Economy of Plastics: An Evaluation of the Systematic Transition to a New Generation of Bioplastics" Polymers 14, no. 6: 1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061203

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