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Article

Properties of Starve-Fed Extrusion on a Material Containing a VHMWPE Fraction

1
Institute of Polymer Extrusion and Compounding, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
2
Borealis Polyolefine GmbH, Sankt-Peter-Straße 25, 4021 Linz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Krzysztof Wilczyński
Polymers 2021, 13(6), 944; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13060944
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
Single-screw extruders are usually operated with the screw fully filled (flood-fed mode) and not partially filled (starve-fed mode). These modes result in completely different processing characteristics, and although starve-fed mode has been shown to have significant advantages, such as improved mixing and melting performance, it is rarely used, and experimental studies are scarce. Here, we present extensive experimental research into starve-fed extrusion at feeding rates as low as 25%. We compared various operating parameters (e.g., residence time, pressure build-up, and melting performance) at various feeding rates and screw speeds. The results show a first insight into the performance of starve-fed extruders compared to flood-fed extruders. We explored starve-fed extrusion of a polyethylene material which contains a Very High Molecular Weight Polyethylene fraction (VHMWPE). VHMWPE offers several advantages in terms of mechanical properties, but its high viscosity renders common continuous melt processes, such as compression molding, ram extrusion and sintering, ineffective. This work shows that operating single-screw extruders in extreme starve-fed mode significantly increases residence time, melt temperature, and improves melting and that-in combination—this results in significant elongation of VHMWPE particles. View Full-Text
Keywords: single-screw extrusion; starve-fed extrusion; melting mechanism; VHMWPE single-screw extrusion; starve-fed extrusion; melting mechanism; VHMWPE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rathner, R.; Tranchida, D.; Roland, W.; Ruemer, F.; Buchmann, K.; Amsüss, P.; Steinbichler, G. Properties of Starve-Fed Extrusion on a Material Containing a VHMWPE Fraction. Polymers 2021, 13, 944. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13060944

AMA Style

Rathner R, Tranchida D, Roland W, Ruemer F, Buchmann K, Amsüss P, Steinbichler G. Properties of Starve-Fed Extrusion on a Material Containing a VHMWPE Fraction. Polymers. 2021; 13(6):944. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13060944

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rathner, Raffael, Davide Tranchida, Wolfgang Roland, Franz Ruemer, Klaus Buchmann, Philipp Amsüss, and Georg Steinbichler. 2021. "Properties of Starve-Fed Extrusion on a Material Containing a VHMWPE Fraction" Polymers 13, no. 6: 944. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13060944

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