Next Article in Journal
Residual Birch Wood Lignocellulose after 2-Furaldehyde Production as a Potential Feedstock for Obtaining Fiber
Previous Article in Journal
Warpage Prediction of RHCM Crystalline Parts Based on Multi-Layers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Review of Hybrid Materials Based on Polyhydroxyalkanoates for Tissue Engineering Applications
Article

Synthesis and Characterization of a New Nanocomposite Film Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol Polymer and Nitro Blue Tetrazolium Dye as a Low Radiation Dosimeter in Medical Diagnostics Application

1
Department of Physics, College of Science, Qassim University, Buraidah 51452, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Qassim University, Buraidah 51452, Saudi Arabia
3
Textile Engineering Laboratory, University of Monastir, Monastir 5019, Tunisia
4
Department of Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraidah 51452, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Haw-Ming Huang
Polymers 2021, 13(11), 1815; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13111815
Received: 23 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Application of Polymer-Based Composites II)
Dosimetry is a field of increasing importance in diagnostic radiology. There has been a realization among healthcare professionals that the dose of radiation received by patients via modern medical X-ray examinations could induce acute damage to the skin and eyes. The present study highlights the synthesis of polyvinyl alcohol/nitro blue tetrazolium nanocomposite films (PVA/NBT) for radiation detection depending on chromic, optical, chemical and morphologic changes. First, we synthesized the nanocomposite film-based PVA doped with NBT and the different parameters of the preparation procedure were optimized. Then The films were exposed to different low X-ray doses on the scale of mGy level (0, 2, 4, 10 and 20 mGy). The sensitivity and the performance of the made composite films were evaluated via different characterization methods. Indeed, the response curve based on UV-Vis absorptions revealed a linear increase in absorbance with increased radiation doses (R = 0.998). FTIR analysis showed a clear chemical modification in recorded spectra after irradiation. X-ray diffraction assessment revealed clear structural changes in crystallinity after ionization treatment. SEM analysis showed a clear morphological modification of PVA/NBT films after irradiation. In addition, the prepared PVA/NBT films exhibited excellent pre- and post-irradiation stability in dark and light. Finally, the quantitative colorimetry study confirmed the performance of the prepared films and the different colorimetric coordinates, the total color difference (∆E) and the color strength (K/S) showed a linear increase with increasing X-ray doses. The made nanocomposite PVA/NBT film might offer promising potential for an effective highly sensitive medical dosimeter applied for very low doses in X-ray diagnostic radiology. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyvinyl alcohol; nitro blue tetrazolium; nanocomposite film; characterization; X-radiation dosimeter; medical diagnostic radiology polyvinyl alcohol; nitro blue tetrazolium; nanocomposite film; characterization; X-radiation dosimeter; medical diagnostic radiology
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Alashrah, S.; El-Ghoul, Y.; Omer, M.A.A. Synthesis and Characterization of a New Nanocomposite Film Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol Polymer and Nitro Blue Tetrazolium Dye as a Low Radiation Dosimeter in Medical Diagnostics Application. Polymers 2021, 13, 1815. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13111815

AMA Style

Alashrah S, El-Ghoul Y, Omer MAA. Synthesis and Characterization of a New Nanocomposite Film Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol Polymer and Nitro Blue Tetrazolium Dye as a Low Radiation Dosimeter in Medical Diagnostics Application. Polymers. 2021; 13(11):1815. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13111815

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alashrah, Saleh, Yassine El-Ghoul, and Mohammed A.A. Omer 2021. "Synthesis and Characterization of a New Nanocomposite Film Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol Polymer and Nitro Blue Tetrazolium Dye as a Low Radiation Dosimeter in Medical Diagnostics Application" Polymers 13, no. 11: 1815. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13111815

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop