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Effects of Graphene Nanosheets with Different Lateral Sizes as Conductive Additives on the Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Cathode Materials for Li Ion Batteries
Open AccessArticle

Applications of Long-Length Carbon Nano-Tube (L-CNT) as Conductive Materials in High Energy Density Pouch Type Lithium Ion Batteries

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
2
Foxconn Technology, Group Shih Hua Technology, LTD., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1471; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071471 (registering DOI)
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Lots of lithium ion battery (LIB) products contain lithium metal oxide LiNi5Co2Mn3O2 (LNCM) as the positive electrode’s active material. The stable surface of this oxide results in high resistivity in the battery. For this reason, conductive carbon-based materials, including acetylene black and carbon black, become necessary components in electrodes. Recently, carbon nano-tube (CNT) has appeared as a popular choice for the conductive carbon in LIB. However, a large quantity of the conductive carbon, which cannot provide capacity as the active material, will decrease the energy density of batteries. The ultra-high cost of CNT, compared to conventional carbon black, is also a problem. In this work, we are going to introduce long-length carbon nano-tube s(L-CNT) into electrodes in order to design a reduced-amount conductive carbon electrode. The whole experiment will be done in a 1Ah commercial type pouch LIB. By decreasing conductive carbon as well as increasing the active material in the positive electrode, the energy density of the LNCM-based 1Ah pouch type LIB, with only 0.16% of L-CNT inside the LNCM positive electrode, could reach 224 Wh/kg and 549 Wh/L, in weight and volume energy density, respectively. Further, this high energy density LIB with L-CNT offers stable cyclability, which may constitute valuable progress in portable devices and electric vehicle (EV) applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: high energy density LIB; pouch type LIB; long-length carbon nano tube (L-CNT); carbon black; ionic conductivity high energy density LIB; pouch type LIB; long-length carbon nano tube (L-CNT); carbon black; ionic conductivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, S.-H.; Chen, Y.-R.; Tsou, Y.-L.; Chang, T.-L.; Lai, H.-Z.; Lee, C.-Y. Applications of Long-Length Carbon Nano-Tube (L-CNT) as Conductive Materials in High Energy Density Pouch Type Lithium Ion Batteries. Polymers 2020, 12, 1471.

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