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Open AccessArticle

Crystal Structure and Mechanical Properties of Uniaxially Stretched PA612/SiO2 Films

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Key Laboratory of Advanced Packaging Materials and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University of Technology, Zhuzhou, Hunan 412008, China
2
Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co. Ltd., Hunan Zhuzhou 412008, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(3), 711; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030711
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 7 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
Stretching has a significant effect on the microstructure and ultimate performance of semi-crystalline polymers. To investigate the effect of stretching on structure and mechanical properties of uniaxial stretched PA612/SiO2, PA612 and PA612/SiO2 films were prepared at four temperatures close to the glass transition temperature at various strain. The samples were characterized by a transmission electron microscope (TEM), wide-angle X-ray diffractometer (WAXD), Two-dimensional wide-angle X-ray Scattering (2D-WAXS), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA), and stretching tests. The results showed that the α phase was the dominant phase in PA612 casting film, no obvious γ phase was observed, while both stretching and the presence of SiO2 can induce the generation of α phase and improve the crystallinity of PA612. Crystals were oriented along the stretching direction and the b axis was parallel to the equatorial direction after stretching. The interplanar spacing of (010/110) decreased with the increasing stretching temperature and expanded with the increasing strain, while stretching temperature and strain present negligible effect on the interplanar spacing of (100). The grain size increased with the stretching temperature while decreased with strain. The presence of SiO2 led to reduce the yield stress and the stress drop beyond yielding of the composite. Uniaxial stretching gave rise to a significant improvement in the fracture stress and the glass transition temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystal structure; mechanical properties; uniaxial stretching; polyamide 612 crystal structure; mechanical properties; uniaxial stretching; polyamide 612
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.; Huang, A.; Fan, S.; Liu, Y.; Liu, X. Crystal Structure and Mechanical Properties of Uniaxially Stretched PA612/SiO2 Films. Polymers 2020, 12, 711.

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