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Open AccessArticle

The Yield Prediction of Synthetic Fuel Production from Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste by Levenberg–Marquardt Approach in Feedforward Neural Networks Model

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Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Technology & Built Environment, UCSI University, Cheras 56000, Malaysia
4
School of lnformation, Systems and Modelling, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(11), 1853; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111853 (registering DOI)
Received: 2 October 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 10 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Analysis of Polymer Materials)
The conversion of plastic waste into fuel by pyrolysis has been recognized as a potential strategy for commercialization. The amount of plastic waste is basically different for each country which normally refers to non-recycled plastics data; consequently, the production target will also be different. This study attempted to build a model to predict fuel production from different non-recycled plastics data. The predictive model was developed via Levenberg-Marquardt approach in feed-forward neural networks model. The optimal number of hidden neurons was selected based on the lowest total of the mean square error. The proposed model was evaluated using the statistical analysis and graphical presentation for its accuracy and reliability. The results showed that the model was capable to predict product yields from pyrolysis of non-recycled plastics with high accuracy and the output values were strongly correlated with the values in literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: plastic waste; pyrolysis; artificial neural network; prediction; fuel plastic waste; pyrolysis; artificial neural network; prediction; fuel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abnisa, F.; Anuar Sharuddin, S.D.; bin Zanil, M.F.; Wan Daud, W.M.A.; Indra Mahlia, T.M. The Yield Prediction of Synthetic Fuel Production from Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste by Levenberg–Marquardt Approach in Feedforward Neural Networks Model. Polymers 2019, 11, 1853.

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