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Polymers 2019, 11(1), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11010124

Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behavior of PEEK/Graphene Nanoplatelets Composites from Melt and Glass States

1
IMDEA Materials Institute, C/ Eric Kandel 2, 28906 Getafe, Madrid, Spain
2
FIDAMC, Foundation for the Research, Development and Application of Composite Materials, Avda. Rita Levi Montalcini 29, Tecnogetafe, 28906 Getafe, Madrid, Spain
3
Fundación AITIIP, Pol. Ind. Empresarium, C/ Romero 12, 50720 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-functional Polymer Composites and Structures)
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Abstract

The effect of the graphene nanoplateletets (GNP), at concentration of 1, 5 and 10 wt %, in Poly ether ether ketone (PEEK) composite crystallization from melt and during cold crystallization were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and real time X-ray diffraction experiments. DSC results revealed a double effect of GNP: (a) nucleating effect crystallization from melt started at higher temperatures and (b) longer global crystallization time due to the restriction in the polymer chain mobility. This hindered mobility were proved by rheological behavior of nanocomposites, because to the increase of complex viscosity, G′, G″ with the GNP content, as well as the non-Newtonian behavior found in composites with high GNP content. Finally, real time wide and small angle synchrotron X-ray radiation (WAXS/SAXS) X-ray measurements showed that GNP has not affected the orthorhombic phase of PEEK nor the evolution of the crystal phase during the crystallization processes. However, the correlation length of the crystal obtained by WAXS and the long period (L) by SAXS varied depending on the GNP content. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; PEEK; WAXS; SAXS; synchrotron; cold crystallization; dynamic crystallization; multifunctional composite materials graphene; PEEK; WAXS; SAXS; synchrotron; cold crystallization; dynamic crystallization; multifunctional composite materials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Alvaredo, Á.; Martín, M.I.; Castell, P.; Guzmán de Villoria, R.; Fernández-Blázquez, J.P. Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behavior of PEEK/Graphene Nanoplatelets Composites from Melt and Glass States. Polymers 2019, 11, 124.

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