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Polymers 2018, 10(3), 307; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10030307

Polymeric Materials for Conversion of Electromagnetic Waves from the Sun to Electric Power

1
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology, Jubail Industrial College, P.O. Box 10099, Jubail 31961, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Santiago de Chile 8940000, Chile
3
Department of General Studies, Jubail Industrial College, P.O. Box 10099, Jubail 31961, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Jubail Industrial College, P.O. Box 10099, Jubail 319261, Saudi Arabia
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School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Garthdee Road, Aberdeen AB10 7QB, Scotland, UK
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Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Automática y Física Aplicada, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño Industrial, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2018 / Revised: 2 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 12 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers for Energy Applications)
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Abstract

Solar photoelectric energy converted into electricity requires large surface areas with incident light and flexible materials to capture these light emissions. Currently, sunlight rays are converted to electrical energy using silicon polymeric material with efficiency up to 22%. The majority of the energy is lost during conversion due to an energy gap between sunlight photons and polymer energy transformation. This energy conversion also depends on the morphology of present polymeric materials. Therefore, it is very important to construct mechanisms of highest energy occupied molecular orbitals (HOMO)s and the lowest energy unoccupied molecular orbitals (LUMO)s to increase the efficiency of conversion. The organic and inorganic solar cells used as dyes can absorb more photons from sunlight and the energy gap will be less for better conversion of energy to electricity than the conventional solar cells. This paper provides an up-to-date review on the performance, characterization, and reliability of different composite polymeric materials for energy conversion. Specific attention has been given to organic solar cells because of their several advantages over others, such as their low-energy payback time, conversion efficiency and greenhouse emissions. Finally, this paper provides the recent progress on the application of both organic and inorganic solar cells for electric power generations together with several challenges that are currently faced. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymeric materials; photovoltaic energy; electric power polymeric materials; photovoltaic energy; electric power
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Haque, S.M.; Ardila-Rey, J.A.; Umar, Y.; Rahman, H.; Mas’ud, A.A.; Muhammad-Sukki, F.; Albarracín, R. Polymeric Materials for Conversion of Electromagnetic Waves from the Sun to Electric Power. Polymers 2018, 10, 307.

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