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Polymers 2018, 10(12), 1320; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10121320

Effects of Fabric Counts and Weave Designs on the Properties of Laminated Woven Kenaf/Carbon Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Hybrid Composites

1
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400 Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
4
Faculty of Textile Technology and Design, Istanbul Technical University, İnönü Caddesi. No.: 65, Gumussuyu, Beyoglu, 34437 Istanbul, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 November 2018 / Revised: 24 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Matrix Composites for Advanced Applications)
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Abstract

The effects of different fabric materials namely weave designs (plain and satin) and fabric counts (5 × 5 and 6 × 6) on the properties of laminated woven kenaf/carbon fibre reinforced epoxy hybrid composites were evaluated. The hybrid composites were fabricated from two types of fabric, i.e., woven kenaf that was made from a yarn of 500tex and carbon fibre, by using vacuum infusion technique and epoxy resin as matrix. The panels were tested for tensile, flexural, and impact strengths. The results have revealed that plain fabric is more suitable than satin fabric for obtaining high tensile and impact strengths. Using a fabric count of 5 × 5 has generated composites that are significantly higher in flexural modulus as compared to 6 × 6 which may be attributed to their structure and design. The scanned electron micrographs of the fractured surfaces of the composites demonstrated that plain woven fabric composites had better adhesion properties than satin woven fabric composites, as indicated by the presence of notably lower amount of fibre pull out. View Full-Text
Keywords: fabric; woven kenaf; plain; satin; hybrid composites fabric; woven kenaf; plain; satin; hybrid composites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Aisyah, H.; Paridah, M.; Khalina, A.; Sapuan, S.; Wahab, M.; Berkalp, O.; Lee, C.; Lee, S. Effects of Fabric Counts and Weave Designs on the Properties of Laminated Woven Kenaf/Carbon Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Hybrid Composites. Polymers 2018, 10, 1320.

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