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Crystals 2018, 8(11), 425; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8110425

Enhanced High Voltage Performance of Chlorine/Bromine Co-Doped Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide

1
School of Physics and Electronic Science, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410114, China
2
Department of Chemistry and Materials Science Program, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
3
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410114, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2018 / Revised: 4 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Materials for Li-Ion Batteries)
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Abstract

The chlorine (Cl) and bromine (Br) co-doped lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2) was successfully synthesized by the molten salt method. The synthesized LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 compound demonstrates spherical morphology, which is formed by aggregated spherical-like or polygon primary particles. Halogen substitution would contribute to the growth of the primary particles. The LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 compound has the typical hexagonal layered structure, and no impurity phase is detected. The surface oxidation state of the compound is improved after Cl and Br substitution. Moreover, the Cl and Br co-doped LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 compound exhibits both improved rate capacity and cycle stability at a high voltage (4.6 V) compared with the pristine LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2. The initial discharge capacities of Cl and Br co-doped LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 are 208.9 mAh g−1, 200.6 mAh g−1, 188.2 mAh g−1, 173.3 mAh g−1, and 157.1 mAh g−1 at the corresponding rates of 0.1C, 0.2C, 0.5C, 1C, and 3C respectively. The capacity retention at 1C after 50 cycles is increased from 81.1% to 93.2% by co-doping. The better contact between the electroactive particles of the electrode and the smaller resistance enhance the electric conductivity of the Cl and Br co-doped LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode. The synthesized LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 is a promising cathode material for a high-power and large-capacity lithium-ion battery. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide; chlorine and bromine co-doping; high voltage; cathode material; lithium-ion battery lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide; chlorine and bromine co-doping; high voltage; cathode material; lithium-ion battery
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Zhu, H.; Li, Q.; Gong, X.; Cao, K.; Chen, Z. Enhanced High Voltage Performance of Chlorine/Bromine Co-Doped Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide. Crystals 2018, 8, 425.

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