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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Electrochemical Engineering of Nanoporous Materials for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Advances, and Perspectives

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School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
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State Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency Utilization of Coal and Green Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
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School of Agriculture Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5064, Australia
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Center for Hybrid Nanostructures, Universität Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg, Germany
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Department of Chemistry, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(12), 988; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9120988
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 23 November 2019 / Accepted: 23 November 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Materials for Photocatalysis and Energy)
Photocatalysis comprises a variety of light-driven processes in which solar energy is converted into green chemical energy to drive reactions such as water splitting for hydrogen energy generation, degradation of environmental pollutants, CO2 reduction and NH3 production. Electrochemically engineered nanoporous materials are attractive photocatalyst platforms for a plethora of applications due to their large effective surface area, highly controllable and tuneable light-harvesting capabilities, efficient charge carrier separation and enhanced diffusion of reactive species. Such tailor-made nanoporous substrates with rational chemical and structural designs provide new exciting opportunities to develop advanced optical semiconductor structures capable of performing precise and versatile control over light–matter interactions to harness electromagnetic waves with unprecedented high efficiency and selectivity for photocatalysis. This review introduces fundamental developments and recent advances of electrochemically engineered nanoporous materials and their application as platforms for photocatalysis, with a final prospective outlook about this dynamic field. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis; nanoporous materials; anodization; chemical modification; structural engineering; optical nanostructures photocatalysis; nanoporous materials; anodization; chemical modification; structural engineering; optical nanostructures
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Lim, S.Y.; Law, C.S.; Liu, L.; Markovic, M.; Hedrich, C.; Blick, R.H.; Abell, A.D.; Zierold, R.; Santos, A. Electrochemical Engineering of Nanoporous Materials for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Advances, and Perspectives. Catalysts 2019, 9, 988.

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