Next Article in Journal
Geocatalytic Uptake of Ozone onto Natural Mineral Dust
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Alkali-Doping on the Performance of Diatomite Supported Cu-Ni Bimetal Catalysts for Direct Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate
Previous Article in Journal
Fast Pyrolysis of Sunflower Oil in the Presence of Microporous and Mesoporous Materials for Production of Bio-Oil
Previous Article in Special Issue
Metal-Carbon-CNF Composites Obtained by Catalytic Pyrolysis of Urban Plastic Residues as Electro-Catalysts for the Reduction of CO2
Open AccessReview

Microwave, Ultrasound, and Mechanochemistry: Unconventional Tools that Are Used to Obtain “Smart” Catalysts for CO2 Hydrogenation

1
Department of Drug Science and Technology, NIS and INSTM reference Centres, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 9, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
Department of Applied Science and Technology and INSTM-Unit of Torino Politecnico, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(7), 262; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8070262
Received: 6 April 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
The most recent progress obtained through the precise use of enabling technologies, namely microwave, ultrasound, and mechanochemistry, described in the literature for obtaining improved performance catalysts (and photocatalysts) for CO2 hydrogenation, are reviewed. In particular, the main advantages (and drawbacks) found in using the proposed methodologies will be discussed and compared by focusing on catalyst design and optimization of clean and efficient (green) synthetic processes. The role of microwaves as a possible activation tool used to improve the reaction yield will also be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 hydrogenation; microwaves; ultrasound; mechanochemistry; catalyst preparation CO2 hydrogenation; microwaves; ultrasound; mechanochemistry; catalyst preparation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Manzoli, M.; Bonelli, B. Microwave, Ultrasound, and Mechanochemistry: Unconventional Tools that Are Used to Obtain “Smart” Catalysts for CO2 Hydrogenation. Catalysts 2018, 8, 262.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop